Europe: Women in power

Les femmes au pouvoir en Europe !


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Venice Commission: New Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws (OHAL)


Turkish authorities have interpreted these extraordinary powers too extensively

The Venice Commission echoes criticism, finding “particularly worrying” that emergency legislation permits central authorities to appoint unelected mayors, vice-mayors and members of local councils, and exercise – without judicial oversight – discretionary control over the functioning of the concerned municipalities.

Local authorities are one of the main foundations of a democratic society.

the Venice Commission calls on Turkish authorities to take the following steps:

☪⚖ To repeal provisions introduced by the Decree Law N° 674 which are not strictly necessitated by the state of emergency, in particular concerning the rules enabling the filling of vacancies in the positions of mayor, vice-mayor, local council member, by the way of appointments;

☪⚖ To ensure that the application of the rules introduced by the Decree Law N° 674 is limited to the duration of the state of emergency, and that any permanent measures affecting local democracy are taken following the ordinary laws and procedures, after proper parliamentary debate;

☪⚖ To introduce provisions for adequate judicial review of the measures taken by the governorship in municipalities where special powers are instituted in their respect in the context of the fight against terrorism;

☪⚖ To provide adequate rules and framework for the reinstatement of suspended/dismissed local representatives in case the terrorism-related charges do not lead to a criminal conviction.

European Local Democracy Week:
10 years promoting citizens’ participation in Europe

les autorités turques interpréte trop largement les pouvoirs extraordinaires.


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Avrupa İnsan Hakları Mahkemesi : Gülmen – Özakça Kararı…


Geçici Tedbir Alınması ve Tahliye Taleplerine Red!

⚖ In the light of the medical reports and developments detailed and The Court found that the applicants’ detention at the Sincan Hospital did not pose a real and imminent risk of irreparable harm to the life or limb of the applicants. It therefore rejected the applicants’ request that the Court order the Government to release them.

⚖ The Court observed that, according to the Numune Hospital’s report of 28 July 2017, the applicants cannot continue to live unaided. It therefore requested the Government to ensure that adequate arrangements be put in place to assist the applicants in their day-to-day needs.

⚖ The Court requested the Government to allow the applicants to consult doctors of their own choosing in the prison hospital, should they so request, with a view to making a decision as to whether or not to call off their hunger strike.

⚖ The Court also reiterated its request to the applicants to call off their hunger strike.

⚖ The Court requested the applicants to inform the Court of any application that they might make to the national courts for their release.


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Council of Europe: Concerns over situation in Turkey

Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça’s cases a matter of priority for Strasbourg!

Le Secrétaire Général fait part de ses inquiétudes concernant la situation en Turquie


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The Anti-Racism Commission’s Annual Report…


A Strong Surge of Nationalistic Populism!

⚠ The year 2016 was characterised by three main developments that affected areas of concern to ECRI: efforts to integrate the large number of migrants who arrived in several countries during the migration crisis of the preceding years; a strong surge of nationalistic populism, often generating and fuelling xenophobic discourse and creating an atmosphere in which hate speech, and ultimately violence, were able to thrive; and the response of several member states to the continuation of Islamist terror attacks that affected Europe over the course of the year.

⚠ An increasing dichotomy between “us” and “them” has developed in the public discourse of many countries, which seeks to exclude people on the basis of their skin colour, religion, language or ethnicity.

⚠ According to General Policy Recommendation No. 7, racism is the belief that a ground such as “race”, colour, language, religion, nationality or national or ethnic origin justifies contempt for a person or a group of persons, or the notion of superiority of a person or a group of persons. Racial discrimination is any differential treatment based on a ground such as “race”, colour, language, religion, nationality or national or ethnic origin, which has no objective and reasonable justification.

⚠ Anti-Muslim arguments are no longer confined to the fringes of society and are now also embraced by some mainstream politicians resulting in growing xenophobic populist discourse.

⚠ Antisemitism propagated by a diverse range of groups has persisted in many member states. Islamist extremists as well as neo-Nazi organisations and some far-right nationalists continued to spread antisemitic hatred and threats


Ein starker Aufschwung des Nationalpopulismus und fremdenfeindliche Hassrede waren 2016 die wesentlichen Herausforderungen in Europa

Сильный подъем националистического популизма, ксенофобные выражения ненависти – основные проблемы в Европе в 2016 году


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Corruption in Turkey: “Globally Unsatisfactory!”


Transparency of Party Funding : Unsatisfactorily!

♨ ⚖ Turkey had made only moderate progress by implementing two of the thirteen recommendations found to be not or partly implemented in the Second Compliance Report

♨ ⚖ to ensure that annual accounts of political parties include a) income received and expenditure incurred individually by elected representatives and candidates of political parties for political activities linked to their party, including electoral campaigning, and b) as appropriate, the accounts of entities related, to political parties or otherwise under their control

♨ ⚖ to take appropriate measures to ensure that annual accounts of political parties provide more detailed and comprehensive information on income and expenditure,

♨ ⚖ to ensure that annual accounts of political parties and monitoring reports of the supervisory body are made easily accessible to the public, within timeframes to be specified by law

♨ ⚖ to regulate transparency in the financing of parliamentary, presidential and local election campaigns of political parties and candidates and, specifically, to find ways of increasing the transparency of contributions by third parties

♨ ⚖ to introduce effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions for infringements of yet-to-be established regulations concerning election campaign funding of political parties and candidates

♨ ⚖ GRECO invites the authorities of Turkey to authorise, as soon as possible, the publication of the report, to translate it into the national language and to make this translation public.


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CoE/GRECO: Annual Corruption Report…


2 Trillion $ costs in every year to the Taxpayers!

⚠ ☛ 2 trillions $ de coûts par année aux contribuables!

⚠ ☛ GRECO calls Member States, to step up their efforts to create more effective preventive mechanisms against corruption. And provides a review of action against corruption and points out that countries too often over-rely on the repressive aspects of fighting corruption and underestimate the effectiveness of preventive mechanisms, which often do not exist or are too weak.

⚠ ☛ According to the Council of Europe; corruption is a major source of dissatisfaction and loss of trust in politics and democratic institutions. There can be no tolerance for corruption, wherever it occurs.

⚠ ☛ The level of compliance of 20 states. 78% of recommendations had not been fully complied with. 46% of those recommendations had been partly implemented and 32% not implemented. The Annual Report notably stresses the need to improve the way conflicts of interest, lobbying and the systems for the declaration of assets are dealt with.

⚠ ☛ GRECO expresses concern about the independence of the judiciary and the participation of magistrates in political life, and underlines the need for codes of ethics for these professionals.

© photocredit


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