Factsheet: EU acts for peace and security – Part I


EU Member States have substantial security and defence capabilities. By working closely together, Europe further strengthen its role as global player to protect its citizens and promote peace in partner countries. Therefore the EU fosters deep cooperation among Member States in the areas of security and defence.

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Türkiye’nin Dibe Vuran Yalnızlığı ve Kürtler…


SURİYE KRİZİ TÜRKİYE’YE “KAYIYOR” OLABİLİR Mİ?

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

©Prof.Dr.Osman Metin Öztürk

I. Suriye krizine ilişkin son gelişmeler, Türkiye açısından dikkat çekici ve soru işaretlerine yol açıyor.

Türkiye’nin ve Türkiye ile birlikte hareket eden “muhaliflerin” Afrin’i YPG’den temizlemesi sonrasında, bugünlerde hem Suriye Kürtlerinin çeşitli “yollarla” yeniden Afrin’e yöneldiği ve Afrin’de Türkiye karşıtı “sivil” bir hareketi başlatma peşinde olduğu konuşuluyor, hem de Afrin’de yaşananları dikkate alan Suriye Kürtlerinin Türkiye’den ve Türkiye’nin desteklediği muhaliflerden korktuğu ve bu korkunun onları Şam Yönetimi ile görüşmeye ittiği ileri sürülüyor. Afrin’e bakan ve Başkan Trump’ın Suriye’nin kuzeydoğusundaki Amerikan askerlerini çekmeyi düşündüğünü (!) dikkate alan [SDF agrees to work with the regime] Suriye Kürtlerinin, Suriye’nin kuzeyindeki mevcut pozisyonlarını henüz kaybetmemiş iken, bu pozisyonun kendilerine sağladığı güç ile, Şam Yönetimi ile temasa geçtiklerine işaret ediliyor.

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NATO BRUSSELS SUMMIT 2018


Donald Trump has claimed victory at the Nato summit, saying progress had been made on defence spending only hours after throwing the Brussels meeting intodisarray with fresh attacks on European allies. European members contradict assertion that US president secured notable concessions.
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© photocredit : [NATO] [TCBB]

  

Déclaration de Bruxelles sur la sécurité et la solidarité transatlantiques

 

Заявление о трансатлантической безопасности и солидарности по итогам встречи в Брюсселе

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EU Commitment : Facility for refugees in Turkey


EU Member States agree details of additional funding!

The facility for refugees is running successfully and has provided Syrian refugees in Turkey valuable help with essentials, such as health care and schooling. Today’s agreement comes in time to ensure that our support for the different projects on the ground can continue without interruption, in line with our promise from 2016.
Marinela Petrova,
Deputy Finance Minister of Bulgaria

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Intolerance and xenophobia on the rise in Europe


 

Managing migration while respecting human rights stay a major challenge in European States!

Xenophobic populism and hate speech continue to be on the rise, with high levels of migration and challenges of integration, religious extremism, terrorist attacks and the austerity-driven socio-economic climate observed all over Europe.

The populist rhetoric has blended into a hatred of non-nationals or minorities; migration and multiculturalism have continued to be presented as a threat to social cohesion and security.

Anti-Muslim rhetoric has persisted in many states in 2017. The negative stereotyping of Islam has led to an increase in violence and hate speech. The situation of Jewish people in Europe has not substantially improved, and antisemitic hatred was still widespread.

With regard to homo- and transphobia, the 2017 report describes a varied picture, with progress in some countries offering greater protection for LGBT persons and problems in others where they still experience unacceptably high levels of stigma, intolerance, hatred and discrimination

Montée implacable du populisme xénophobe, du ressentiment et du discours de haine en Europe

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2018 Uluslararası Göç Görünümü


 

2018 International Migration Outlook and World Refugee Day.

Migration flows to OECD countries have dropped slightly for the first time since 2011, with around 5 million new permanent migrants in 2017, down from 5.3 million in 2016.

Öncül veriler, OECD ülkelerinin 2017’de 5 milyondan biraz fazla yeni ve kalıcı yasal göçmen aldığını gösteriyor. Bu da 2011’den bu yana bölgeye yönelik göçteki ilk azalışı (2016 ile karşılaştırıldığında yaklaşık %5 gerilemeyi) ifade ediyor.

OECD member countries currently host around 6.4 million refugees, more than half of whom are in Turkey. The top three countries from which asylum seekers have come are Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq.

Countries should focus on labour market policies to help refugees and improve coordinated actions to tackle illegal immigration.

 

Ortalama olarak OECD ülkeleri genelinde göçmenlerin istihdam oranı, 2017’de yüzde 1 puan artarak 67.1’e çıkmıştır. Ortalama işsizlik oranları yüzde 1 puan azalarak %9.5’e düştü. Yabancı işçilerin yasa‑dışı istihdamının nispeten genç yaştaki erkekleri etkiliyor. En çok kaygı duyan sektörler tarım, inşaat, imalat ve yurtiçi hizmetleri.

Perspectives des migrations internationales

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Effective Teacher Policies: What do to assign high-quality teachers?


 

Teacher policies have a critical role to play in delivering a future

Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers’ salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise similar students. But not all students are equal when it comes to access to high-quality teaching. In fact, PISA data show that there are inequities in access to experienced and qualified teachers in many countries, and that they are related to the gap in learning outcomes between advantaged and disadvantaged students.

In 2015, a majority of countries and economies that participated in PISA compensated disadvantaged schools with smaller classes and/or lower student-teacher ratios. However, in more than a third of countries and economies, teachers in the most disadvantaged schools were less qualified or less experienced than those in the most advantaged schools.

Gaps in student performance related to socio-economic status were wider in countries where socio-economically disadvantaged schools employed fewer qualified and experienced teachers than advantaged schools.

Greater school autonomy for managing teachers is associated with more equitable sorting of teachers across schools.

 

Une plus grande latitude en matière de recrutement peut permettre de réduire les pénuries d’enseignants dans les régions défavorisées

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