EU-CELAC Meeting: Final Declaration


Ministers of foreign affairs from the EU and from the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) will meet on 16-17 July in Brussels. “Building bridges and strengthening our partnership to face global challenges” is the theme of the meeting. At the end of the meeting, EU and CELAC ministers are expected to adopt a declaration.(Below)

Declaración después de la segunda reunión ministerial UE-CELAC

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Effective Teacher Policies: What do to assign high-quality teachers?


 

Teacher policies have a critical role to play in delivering a future

Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers’ salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise similar students. But not all students are equal when it comes to access to high-quality teaching. In fact, PISA data show that there are inequities in access to experienced and qualified teachers in many countries, and that they are related to the gap in learning outcomes between advantaged and disadvantaged students.

In 2015, a majority of countries and economies that participated in PISA compensated disadvantaged schools with smaller classes and/or lower student-teacher ratios. However, in more than a third of countries and economies, teachers in the most disadvantaged schools were less qualified or less experienced than those in the most advantaged schools.

Gaps in student performance related to socio-economic status were wider in countries where socio-economically disadvantaged schools employed fewer qualified and experienced teachers than advantaged schools.

Greater school autonomy for managing teachers is associated with more equitable sorting of teachers across schools.

 

Une plus grande latitude en matière de recrutement peut permettre de réduire les pénuries d’enseignants dans les régions défavorisées

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Global Rights Index 2018 : Worst Countries for Working People


 

Turkey: Arrest of union leaders – Discrimination and dismissals

In the aftermath of the attempted coup in July 2016, civil liberties have been severely downtrodden in Turkey and trade unions and their members have been systematically targeted under the guise of the state of emergency. In April 2017 alone, more than 2,125 persons were detained and 3,974 workers were dismissed from public services. During the year, the government banned numerous strikes organised in the glass and the metal sectors because it deemed them “prejudicial to national security”.

In April 2017, 14 TUMTIS officials, including Ankara branch president Nurettin Kılıçdoğan, received heavy prison sentences ranging from 1.5 years to 6.5 years for recruiting new members and obstructing the freedom of conducting business, while Zeynep Çelik, a nurse and former DISK Executive Committee member, was arrested in May 2017.

In August 2017, 682 teachers in the southeastern provinces, all members of Eğitim-Sen (Union of Education Workers), were subject to compulsory reassignment in other provinces for “participating in marches contrary to the Turkish Republic’s fight against terrorism”.

In February 2018, Elif Cuhadar, a KESK Executive Committee member, was arrested for statements she had made during a panel discussion in 2014.

Three other public service trade union members, Cagdas Yazici, Recep Temel and Idil Ugurlu, were detained without due process in March 2018.

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G7 summit, 08-09/06/2018 : Agenda…


© photocredit

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EU: FAC…


 

Authoritarian Regime Leaders and Una Signora!

The Foreign Affairs Council will start with a review of pressing issues on the international agenda. The High Representative and ministers may refer to the EU-Western Balkans summit in Sofia on 17 May, recent developments related to North Korea and the situation in Yemen.

The Council will discuss Iran, in particular the Iran nuclear deal, the JCPOA, following the US withdrawal from the JCPOA as announced on 8 May.

Over lunch, foreign ministers will discuss the situation in Gaza following recent developments, including with regard to Jerusalem.

Foreign ministers will exchange views on Venezuela, following the presidential and regional elections on 20 May and the re-election of Nicolás Maduro for a second six-year term. The Council will adopt conclusions on Venezuela.

The Council will discuss the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Council will discuss the progress and the challenges in the electoral process which is expected to lead to the general election scheduled for 23 December 2018.

Foreign ministers will discuss the future partnership framework with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, as the current agreement framing the partnership, the Cotonou agreement, is due to expire on 29 February 2020.

The Council is expected to adopt conclusions on enhanced EU security cooperation in and with Asia.

The Council is expected to adopt conclusions on strengthening civilian CSDP, in follow-up to the process launched by the Council in November of last year.

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İklim Değişikliği: Mücadelede Neredeyiz?


 

Farkında mısınız, Politikacılar Yüzünden Dünyamız Tehlike Altında!

Beş eylem alanı öne çıkıyor: a) emisyonları azaltma, b) iklim değişikliğinin etkilerine uyum sağlama, c) finansman sağlama, d) ortaklık ve e) liderlik.
İklim değişikliğinin etkilerini azaltmak birincil amaç olsa da, iklim değişikliği şu an hâlihazırda hayatımızı etkiliyor ve kısa vadede çok daha büyük zorluklar oluşturması ihtimali çok yüksek. Bu konuda Yeşil İklim Fonu’nun etkisi çok önemli olduğundan, bu mekanizmanın en iyi şekilde hayata geçirilmesi için bu fona üye olan, özellikle de bağış yapan devletlerin rolü çok büyük.
Siyasi liderler yol gösterdiği sürece, şirketlerin ve vatandaşların bu yoldan yürümesi çok daha kolay olacaktır. Buna, düşük karbonlu iklim-esnek politikalar yaparak başlanabileceği düşünülüyor.

© photocredit

Peki ya Türkiye ne yapıyor?

Türkiye, 1992’de UNFCCC imzalandığında OECD ülkesi olduğundan, diğer gelişmiş ülkelerle birlikte Ek-1 listesinde yer alıyor. Gelişmiş ülkelerden oluşan Ek-2 ülkelerince sağlanan finansman, teknoloji geliştirme ve transferi ile kapasite geliştirme imkânlarından yararlanamıyor. Türkiye Paris Anlaşması’na taraf olmayı Yeşil İklim Fonu’ndan pay alma şartıyla kabul etmişti. Türkiye, 2020 yılı için bir hedef koyma zorunluğu altına girmeyip, 2030 yılı hedefleri için de referans senaryoya göre kendi ulusal koşul ve kapasitesi ile doğrultulu olarak yüzde 21 azaltma taahhüdünde bulundu.

Cumhurbaşkanı Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, fona en büyük mali destek sağlama vaadinde bulunan ABD’nin anlaşmadan çekilme kararının ardından, mali destek sözü tutulmadığı takdirde anlaşmanın TBMM’den geçemeyeceğini belirtti. Berat Albayrak da Türkiye’nin hedefinin, ithal kömürün payını azaltıp, en yüksek yerli kömür üretimine ulaşmak amacında olduğunu açıkladı. AB üye ülkeleri sera gazı azaltımı hedefleri doğrultusunda termik santrallerini kapatırken, AB içerisinde en fazla sera gazı artışına neden olan Türkiye’nin kömür teşvikinde bulunması, iklim değişikliği hedeflerine öncelik vermediğini gösteren bir tablo ortaya çıkarıyor.

Diğer deyişi ile ‘No Money No Climate Change…!

 

Oysa 24 Haziran Seçimleri için «örtülü, örtüsüz» harcanan paraların miktarına bakınca, sokaktaki vatandaşın ve gelecek kuşakların gerilerde kaldığı, refahla dengeli sağlık koşullarının dikkate alınmadığı anlaşılıyor. (nö)

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Corrupt practices: A major threat to institutions and democracy


 

Report: Journalists are defenceless while corruption is armed!

GRECO’s 5th Evaluation Round on “Preventing corruption and promoting integrity in central governments (top executive functions) and law enforcement agencies”. GRECO updated its Rules of Procedure in view of the new evaluation round. The new Rules increase the transparency and simplicity of the compliance process.

GRECO also acknowledges the essential role played by journalists to fight corruption and pays tribute to Daphne Caruana Galizia. Her murder revealed once again the need to protect journalists who investigate corruption and to bring the perpetrators of crimes against them to justice.

There is growing recognition that corruption has a direct, detrimental effect on countries’ economies. Corruption weakens the capacity of states to collect taxes, discourages investment and financial development, has direct social costs reflected in issues like poor education, health and social services.

The vast majority of GRECO member States received recommendations on codes of conduct for judges. A third of these were to adopt such codes and the rest focused on their substance and implementation. GRECO insisted on the importance of active involvement of judges from all levels, in the development of a set of standards which should ideally be agreed upon following an open debate and discussion of their particular content.

 Concerns 26 member States assessed since the beginning of the 4th Round compliance procedure and up to end 2017. Statistics are not available when, by end 2017, a member State had not authorised the publication of the compliance reports(s) or had not yet been subject to the 4th Round compliance procedure

Le Conseil de l’Europe met en garde contre la régression dans la lutte contre la corruption

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