From Winter Icy Turn to Spring Warming?


 

EU – Turkey Relations : On the agenda of the EP April Session

MEPs will discuss the state of play in Turkey, in particular the upcoming referendum, during the April plenary in Strasbourg.

The Committee on Foreign Affairs calls on the Committee on International Trade, as the committee responsible, to incorporate 11 suggestions into its motion for a resolution inter alia;

The modernisation and effective implementation of the Customs Union will further strengthen the already strong economic ties between Turkey and the European Union and will keep Turkey economically anchored to the EU;

Contribute to both sides engaging in a positive reform agenda while mitigating political tensions with Ankara on the deteriorating situation of the rule of law and fundamental freedoms in the country;

Because; democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights, fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms; EU-Turkey trade relations are and must remain based on mutual respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; Include a clause on human rights and fundamental freedoms in the upgraded C U making them a key conditionality;

The C U can only reach its full potential if Turkey fully implements the Additional Protocol vis-à-vis all Member States; Turkey continue not to open Turkish ports to Cypriot vessels and failed to apply to Cyprus the Additional Protocol to the Ankara Agreement;

The C U cannot be considered a direct or indirect replacement of accession talks;

Upgraded Customs Union could help Turkey to overcome the challenges it faces, and contribute to stabilising Turkey and providing growth for its citizens, if the necessary reforms are made by the government and Turkey returns to the path of democracy and the restoration of the rule of law;

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Protecting children affected by the refugee crisis…


 

Main challenges for migrant and refugee children in Europe

The fields raise serious concern:

Identification and age assessment

Registration and guardianship

Adequate reception conditions including preventing and responding effectively to disappearances

Alternatives to detention for families and suitable alternative care arrangements for unaccompanied and separated children

Accurate information, quality legal aid and access to child-friendly procedures

Preventing and responding to violence, trafficking and exploitation

Education and integration measures

Access to health services

Relocation and resettlement

Family reunification

Statelessness

Transition to adulthood

The [SRSG,]carried out four fact-finding missions to Greece and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Turkey, northern France (Calais and Grande-Synthe) and Italy.

[Full Report]

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UN’s Global Goals, Erdogan’s Turkey and «so called» Referendum…


 

Peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice for all, effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all!

TARGETS:

1. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
2. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
3. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
4. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
5. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
6. Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
7. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
8. Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
9. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
10. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
a) Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
b) Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

Barış, istikrar, insan hakları ve hukukun üstünlüğüne dayalı etkin yönetim olmadan, sürdürülebilir kalkınma olmasını bekleyemeyiz. Gittikçe artan ölçüde bölünmüş bir dünyada yaşıyoruz. Bazı bölgelerde barış, güvenlik ve refah sürekli iken, diğer bazı bölgelerde ise bitmek bilmeyen çatışma ve şiddet sarmalı var. Ancak bu, hiçbir şekilde kaçınılmaz sonuç değildir ve mutlaka çözümlenmelidir.

Yüksek şiddette silahlı çatışma ve güvensizlik, ülkenin kalkınması üzerinde yıkıcı etkiye sahiptir; ekonomik büyümeyi etkiler ve çoğunlukla nesiller boyu sürebilen haksızlıklar yaratır. Çatışmanın olduğu veya hukukun üstünlüğünün olmadığı yerlerde cinsel şiddet, suç, istismar ve işkence de yaygındır; ve ülkeler, en çok risk altında olanları korumak için önlem almak zorundadır.

Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Hedefleri, şiddetin her biçimini önemli ölçüde azaltmayı, çatışma ve güvensizliğe kalıcı çözümler bulmak için hükümetler ve toplumlar ile birlikte çalışmayı hedefliyor. Hukukun üstünlüğünün güçlendirilmesi, bu sürecin anahtarıdır; keza, yasadışı silah ticaretinin önlenmesi ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerin küresel yönetişim kurumlarına katılımının güçlendirilmesi de çok önemlidir.

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OECD: Growth-oriented policy agenda


 

Turkey: Going for Growth 2017 priorities

The income gap relative to most advanced OECD countries continues to narrow. Rising labour force participation and job creation, mostly in service sectors, have strongly improved labour utilisation.

Income inequality diminishes despite limited redistribution through taxes and transfers. Broad-based job creation for the low-skilled, including in less advanced regions, has contributed to reduce absolute poverty but the share of income held by the poorest 20% still remains below the OECD average.

Progress has been very limited on Going for Growth 2015 priorities, as the reforms intended in the 10th National Development Plan 2014-18 were not implemented amid four national elections over 2014-15.
An ambitious Action Plan which included several reform priorities was launched in January 2016. Temporary work agency services started to be liberalised with a new law adopted in May 2016.

Key education, labour and product market reforms are necessary to catch-up with good OECD regulatory practices. Upskilling the labour force and easing the shift of low-skilled workers from low-productivity informal to high-productivity formal firms would significantly boost average labour productivity, human capital formation and social inclusion.

Progress with the transparency of environmental externalities and the level-playing enforcement of environmental regulations across all manufacturing, services and agricultural activities would help make growth greener. [Full Turkey Country Chapter]

© photocredit

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Avrupa’dan Referanduma Gözlemci Heyeti


[OSCE/ODIHR opens observation mission for the constitutional referendum in Turkey]

[CoE/PACE – Spring session 2017: the functioning of democratic institutions in Turkey]

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Venice Commission Opinions on Turkey…


The E U calls on Turkey to address the concerns and recommendations of Venice Commission!

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Venedik Komisyonu’nun Mütalası Ne Anlama Geliyor?


 

Avrupa Konseyi ile Tamamı mı; Devamı mı?
Hani nerede verdiğiniz o sözler?

Türkiye, Avrupa Konseyi ilke ve kurallarında belirlenen demokrasi ve insan hakları alanlarında geriye gitme tehlikesiyle karşı karşıya bulunuyor:

İstibdat Rejimine doğru ilerliyor;

Her türlü denetim ve dengeleri ortadan kaldıracak, Kuvvetler Ayrılığı düzenini yıkacak biçimde her türlü keyfî ve gözetimsiz uygulamalara açık bir Otoriter Başkanlık Sistemi’ne yönelik adımlar atıyor; Yeni başkanı olağanüstü yetkilerle donatıyor; Partili Başkan sıfatıyla meclis üzerinde aşırı derecede yetkili kılıyor; Hiçbir demokratik başkanlık sisteminde rastlanmayan şekilde can istediği an meclisi feshetme yetkisi veriyor;

Bugün bile doğru dürüst işlemeyen ve yetersiz kalan gözetim, denetleme, Anayasal yargı gibi frenleyici mekanizmaları zayıflatılıyor; Yine bağımsızlığını giderek kaybeden yargıyı iyice zayıflatıyor,her türlü siyasi etki ve müdahaleye açık hâle getiriyor.

Değişiklikler Referandum’da kabul edilirse, Ne olacak Türkiye’nin «Demokrasiler Kulübü» Avrupa Konseyi’ndeki hâli?

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