Preventing Ageing Unequally: Report…


 

Le vieillissement démographique et la montée des inégalités

This report examines how the two global mega-trends of population ageing and rising inequalities have been developing and interacting, both within and across generations. Taking a life-course perspective the report shows how inequalities in education, health, employment and earnings compound, resulting in large differences in lifetime earnings across different groups. It suggests a policy agenda to prevent, mitigate and cope with inequalities along the life course drawing on good practices in OECD countries and emerging economies.

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EU Leaders’ Summit


 

Background Brief!

The October European Council will focus on the ongoing efforts as regards migration, defence and adapting to digitalisation, as well as establish the work programme of the European Council for the months and years to come through the Leaders’ Agenda.

It will start on Thursday 19 October at 15.00 with an exchange of views with the President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani.

The first working session will focus on migration, digital Europe and security and defence. The European Council will take stock of progress and highlight the areas that should be prioritised.

Over the working dinner, the European Council will address external relations issues. Leaders will discuss relations with Turkey and the latest developments concerning non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, with regard to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and Iran.

Over breakfast on Friday 20 October, the 28 heads of state or government will discuss, on the basis of the Leaders’ Agenda, how to use the current momentum to accelerate and broaden efforts on security, the economic and monetary union, migration, the digital agenda and social issues, among other areas.

After the breakfast there will be a session of the European Council (Article 50), where the EU27 leaders will assess the progress of Brexit negotiations with the UK.

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Venice Commission: New Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws (OHAL)


 

Turkish authorities have interpreted these extraordinary powers too extensively

The Venice Commission echoes criticism, finding “particularly worrying” that emergency legislation permits central authorities to appoint unelected mayors, vice-mayors and members of local councils, and exercise – without judicial oversight – discretionary control over the functioning of the concerned municipalities.

Local authorities are one of the main foundations of a democratic society.

the Venice Commission calls on Turkish authorities to take the following steps:

☪⚖ To repeal provisions introduced by the Decree Law N° 674 which are not strictly necessitated by the state of emergency, in particular concerning the rules enabling the filling of vacancies in the positions of mayor, vice-mayor, local council member, by the way of appointments;

☪⚖ To ensure that the application of the rules introduced by the Decree Law N° 674 is limited to the duration of the state of emergency, and that any permanent measures affecting local democracy are taken following the ordinary laws and procedures, after proper parliamentary debate;

☪⚖ To introduce provisions for adequate judicial review of the measures taken by the governorship in municipalities where special powers are instituted in their respect in the context of the fight against terrorism;

☪⚖ To provide adequate rules and framework for the reinstatement of suspended/dismissed local representatives in case the terrorism-related charges do not lead to a criminal conviction.

European Local Democracy Week:
10 years promoting citizens’ participation in Europe

les autorités turques interpréte trop largement les pouvoirs extraordinaires.

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An Uphill Battle…


 

The Pursuit of Gender Equality!

Gender inequalities persist in all areas of social and economic life and across countries. Young women in OECD countries generally obtain more years of schooling than young men, but women are less likely than men to engage in paid work. Gaps widen with age, as motherhood typically has marked negative effects on gender pay gaps and career advancement. Women are also less likely to be entrepreneurs, and are underrepresented in private and public leadership positions.

The 2013 and 2015 OECD Gender Recommendations provide guidance on how to advance gender equality in education, employment, entrepreneurship and public life. Topics include violence against women, gender budgeting, the unequal sharing of unpaid work, labour market outcomes and migration. The book presents a range of indicators illustrating gender gaps. It also discusses recent policy initiatives, such as pay transparency measures to reduce gender wage gaps and policy reform aimed at fathers taking parental leave. Overall, progress has been slow and there is a strong need for further policy action to close gender gaps in education, employment, entrepreneurship and public life.

Atteindre l’égalité femmes-hommes :
Un combat difficile

© photocredit

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OECD: Turkey…


 

The economy has recovered from the shocks of 2016

☪ Economic growth is projected to edge up to around 3½ per cent in 2017 and 2018. Consumer price inflation is back in double digits and disinflation is projected to be slow.

☪ Fiscal and other measures, supported by a pick-up in export demand, have stimulated private consumption and investment. Their impact on public finances and the quality of credit allocation should be monitored. Faced with sharp exchange rate depreciation and rising inflation expectations, the monetary stance has been tightened, but explicit increases in the main policy rate are warranted.

☪ Increasing net exports through further integration in global and European value chains is crucial for job creation in the face of a high unemployment rate, without further increasing the current account deficit. To this effect, the long-planned, though now uncertain, deepening of the customs union agreement with the European Union and its extension to agriculture and service sectors is key. To make the most of the resulting opportunities, up-skilling programmes should be implemented not only for young workers but also for entrepreneurs and low-skilled workers.

[Full Chapter]

Turquie – Projections économiques .

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OECD Report: Benefits of education in Turkey…


 

Access to, and participation in, education is still low!

[Full Turkey Chapter]

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EU JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS COUNCIL


 

Counter-terrorism – Migration Policy!

Following recent terrorist attacks in Europe, ministers will discuss priority areas for action on counter-terrorism in the coming months.

Ministers will discuss the state of play and next steps regarding migration policy. They are expected to cover several aspects including the response to the migratory flows in the Central Mediterranean, the return of irregular migrants, the continued implementation of the EU-Turkey statement, relocation and the ongoing work on the concept of ‘safe third countries.

CONSEIL “JUSTICE et AFFAIRES INTÉRIEURES”
(Version française)

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