Acquisition of citizenship in the EU


 

Moroccans, Albanians and Turks remain the main recipients

© photocredit

9 out of 10 persons granted an EU citizenship were non-EU citizens. Since 2010, more than 5 million persons in total were granted a citizenship of an EU Member Sate. Of the total number of persons obtaining the citizenship of one of the EU Member States , 87% were non-EU citizens.

The naturalisation rate is the ratio of the number of persons who acquired the citizenship of a country during a year over the stock of foreign residents in the same country at the beginning of the year.

When compared with the total resident population of each Member State, the highest numbers of citizenship granted per 1 000 resident population were recorded in Luxembourg, Sweden, Cyprus, Italy and Ireland.

Of the five EU Member States that granted the most citizenships in 2015, the naturalisation rate was above the EU average in Italy, around the EU average in France, Spain and the United Kingdom, and below the EU average in Germany

Marocains, Albanais et Turcs demeurent les principaux bénéficiaires

Marokkaner, Albaner und Türken weiterhin an der Spitze

***


In 2015, around 840 000 persons acquired citizenship of a Member State of the European Union (EU), down from 890 000 in 2014 and 980 000 in 2013. Since 2010, more than 5 million persons in total were granted a citizenship of an EU Member Sate. Of the total number of persons obtaining the citizenship of one of the EU Member States in 2015, 87% were non-EU citizens.

The largest group acquiring citizenship of an EU Member State in 2015 was citizens of Morocco (86 100 persons, of whom 88% acquired citizenship of Italy, Spain or France), ahead of citizens of Albania (48 400, 96% acquired citizenship of Italy or Greece), Turkey (35 000, 56% acquired German citizenship), India (31 000, almost 60% acquired British citizenship), Romania (28 400, half acquired Italian citizenship), Pakistan (26 300, half acquired British citizenship) and Algeria (22 500, over three-quarters acquired French citizenship). Moroccans, Albanians, Turks, Indians, Romanians, Pakistanis and Algerians represented together a third (33%) of the total number of persons who acquired citizenship of an EU Member State in 2015. Romanians (28 400 persons) and Poles (17 800) were the two largest groups of EU citizens acquiring citizenship of another EU Member State.

9 out of 10 persons granted an EU citizenship in 2015 were non-EU citizens

In sixteen EU Member States, about 90% or more of persons who obtained citizenship in 2015 were non-EU citizens: Estonia, Lithuania and Romania (all 100%), Bulgaria (99%), Spain (98%), Latvia (97%), Greece and Portugal (both 96%), the Netherlands, Poland and Slovenia (all 94%), Denmark (93%), France and Croatia (both 90%) as well as Italy and the United Kingdom (both 89%). In contrast, Luxembourg (79%) and Hungary (72%) were the only Member States where the majority of persons acquiring citizenship in 2015 were citizens of another EU Member State. At EU level, 87% (or 732 200 new citizens) of those granted citizenship were non-EU citizens, and 12% (104 900 new citizens) of another EU Member State.

Highest number of citizenships granted per inhabitants in Luxembourg and Sweden

1 in every 5 persons who acquired an EU citizenship in 2015 became citizens of Italy (178 000 persons, or 21% of all citizenships granted in the EU in 2015). It was followed by the United Kingdom (118 000 or 14%), Spain (114 400 or 14%), France (113 600 or 14%) and Germany (110 100 or 13%).

When compared with the total resident population of each Member State, the highest numbers of citizenship granted per 1 000 resident population were recorded in Luxembourg (5.6 citizenships granted) and Sweden (5.0), ahead of Cyprus (3.9), Italy and Ireland (both 2.9). At EU level, 1.7 citizenships were granted per 1 000 inhabitants.

Highest naturalisation rate in Sweden and Portugal

The naturalisation rate is the ratio of the number of persons who acquired the citizenship of a country during a year over the stock of foreign residents in the same country at the beginning of the year. In 2015, the highest naturalisation rates were registered in Sweden (6.7 citizenships granted per 100 resident foreigners) and Portugal (5.2), followed by Poland (3.7), Italy, the Netherlands and Finland (all 3.6). At the opposite end of the scale, naturalisation rates below 1 citizenship per 100 resident foreigners were recorded in Estonia and Slovakia (both 0.5), the Czech Republic and Latvia (both 0.6), Austria (0.7) and Lithuania (0.8). At EU level, 2.4 citizenships were granted per 100 resident foreigners in 2015.

Of the five EU Member States that granted the most citizenships in 2015, the naturalisation rate was above the EU average in Italy (3.6), around the EU average in France (2.6), Spain (2.6) and the United Kingdom (2.2), and below the EU average in Germany (1.5). [fr]+ [de]

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: