Council of Europe: No to «One-Person Regime» in Turkey !


 

Proposed constitutional amendments in Turkey would be a “dangerous step backwards” for democracy

The current state of emergency does not provide the proper democratic setting for a vote as important as a constitutional referendum,

Giving the President the power to dissolve parliament on any grounds whatsoever, which is fundamentally alien to democratic presidential systems

By removing necessary checks and balances, the amendments would not follow the model of a democratic presidential system based on the separation of powers, and instead would risk degeneration into an authoritarian presidential system.

Every state has the right to choose its own political system, be it presidential or parliamentary or mixed, but this right is not unconditional.


Les propositions de révision de la Constitution turque constitueraient une «régression dangereuse» pour la démocratie

***

Venice 10 March 2017 – The Council of Europe’s constitutional law experts, the Venice Commission,warn against a “one-person regime” in Turkey in a definitive, as-adopted, opinion on proposed constitutional amendments to be put to a referendum next month.

The Venice Commission warns that by removing necessary checks and balances, the amendments would not follow the model of a democratic presidential system based on the separation of powers, and instead would risk degeneration into an authoritarian presidential system. Concluding concerns from the opinion include the following:

letting the new President exercise executive power alone, with unsupervised authority to appoint and dismiss ministers, and to appoint and dismiss all high officials on the basis of criteria determined by him or her alone;

allowing the President to be a member and even the leader of his or her political party, that would give him or her undue influence over the legislature;

giving the President the power to dissolve parliament on any grounds whatsoever, which is fundamentally alien to democratic presidential systems

further weakening the already inadequate system of judicial oversight of the executive.

further weakening the independence of the judiciary.

The opinion, which had been requested by the Monitoring Committee of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly, raises serious procedural concerns.

For example, Turkey’s parliament approved the amendments to be put to referendum, when several deputies from the second largest opposition party were in jail. The vote for approving the amendments was cast in breach of secret ballot, casting doubt on the genuine nature of support for reform and on the personal nature of the deputies’ vote.

Furthermore, the current state of emergency does not provide the proper democratic setting for a vote as important as a constitutional referendum, the experts concluded.

Every state has the right to choose its own political system, be it presidential or parliamentary or mixed, but this right is not unconditional.

The text of this opinion, as fully adopted, will be made available on Monday 13 March. Two other opinions on Turkey, (1) Turkey’s emergency decree laws and their relation to media freedom and (2) The duties, competences and functioning of the criminal peace judgeships, should also be made available early next week.

3 Responses

  1. […] Council of Europe: No to «One-Person Regime» in Turkey ! […]

  2. […] Anayasa konusunda uluslar arası bağımsız uzmanların oluşturduğu Venedik Komisyonu bugün (10 Mart 2017 – Cuma) Türkiye üzerine üç görüş bildirdi. [Council of Europe: No to «One-Person Regime» in Turkey !] […]

  3. Merhaba Nusret,

    Bu yaziyi kapsamli olarak paylastim.

    Benim BM’ye (6/7 Mart), ve BM’nin AB Daimi Temsilcigine gondermis oldugum mektubu da desteklyen/guclendiren nitelikte etkin bir rapor…

    Mektubu da 6 Mart Pzt. aksami gonderirken; hem bizim Daimi TEmsilcilige TO olarak hem de TBMM Baskanligi ve Genel Sekreterine de CC olarak gonderdim.

    Biliyorsun, BM’nin burokrasisi ve DEVLETLER KLUBU olarak; mektugun ne kadar ciddiye alinacagini/alindigini kestirmek guc de olsa; stratejik olarak 6/7 Mart; tum hedeflenmis BM ust duzey birimlerine ve tum Uye ulkelere (hic bir ayrim yapilmaksizin) 9 Mart; dogrudan BM’ye accredit olmus Medya temsilcilerine 13 Mart’ta da; TLM veya LM’de nispi/ozet yayin ile pdf mektup orijinallerine link ile sosyal medya paylasimini dusunuyorum!!! Mektubu da o nedenle seninle de henuz paylasmadim… Hatta Kaya Buyukataman, dagitim konusunda her turlu destegi verecegini onceden teyit etti ve henuz hic bir yahoogroups vs ile de… Pazar aksami/pzt sabahi BM mektubuna iliskin paylasirim… Veya 13 Mart raporunu da gordukten sonra, ozellikle yayin/sosyal medya amacli….

    * * *

    Ve OHAL’in uzatilmasi gundemde ve Turkiye’den haber geldi; @OHALSIZREFERANDUM sayfamdaki OHAL’in uzatilacagina dair mesajin paylasilmasi yarin askam 18:30’a kadar engellenmis… Sanirim bu gece veya yarin TBMM’den uzatmayi gecirecekler!!!

    Ve aynen Guney Kore’de oldugu gibi %100 HAYIR ciksa dahi; bu adam OHAL altinda; sonucu degistirecek ve yine REJIM DEGISIKLIGI anayasasini uygulamaya koymak icin herseyi yapabilecektir… Olanlar bunu gosteriyor…

    Can Kamiloglu’nun haberini gordun mu? Ustelik Amerika’da bir soru soran kisiyi linc etme noktasina gelebiliyorlar… kan revan icindeymis dovdukleri iki bayan ancak VOA yayin ilkeleri nedeniyle o fotograf ve videolari yayinlayamamislar…

    * * *

    Munir Bey ile yorumlarimi paylastiysan, umarim anlayisla karsilamistir…

    Ve gercekten beni en cok RAHATSIZ eden; UYKUSUZ birakan ve neredeyse baska bir is yapmama da ENGEL olan iki konu; ulkenin OHAL altinda referanduma suruklenmesi; ustelik 3 ay daha uzatma gundemde simdi; ve Gocmenlere Referandum’dan once vatandaslik ve oy hakki verilmesi!!!

    Ve bu iki puf noktada ki, kanimca dogrudan REFERANDUM sonucunu da degistirecektir; CHP’nin yada var ise diger muhalif goruslerin bu denli SESSIZ oluslari yada SESINI DUYURUMAMIS/DUYURAMIYOR olmalarini da anlamakta bir o kadar zorlaniyorum!

    Neyse… Haberlesmek uzere saglicakla ve hosca kal,

    Bircan

    2017-03-10 7:38 GMT-05:00 YERELCE :

    > Nusret ÖZGÜL posted: ” Proposed constitutional amendments in Turkey would > be a “dangerous step backwards” for democracy • The current state of > emergency does not provide the proper democratic setting for a vote as > important as a constitutional referendum, • Givi” >

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