Turkey – Elections : Reactions/Tepkiler…


Unpredictable & Unexpected results

elections

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Cumhurbaşkanı Mustafa Akıncı bugün, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Başbakanı ve AKP Genel Başkanı Ahmet Davutoğlu’nu telefonla arayarak, seçim başarısını kutladı. Akıncı, Davutoğlu’nun dün akşamki konuşmasında ifade ettiği gibi Türkiye’deki yeni dönemin sevgi tohumlarının ekildiği ve yeşerdiği bir dönem olmasını diledi ve kendisini ilk fırsatta KKTC’de görmekten memnuniyet duyacağını belirtti.

Davutoğlu da, hükümeti kurar kurmaz akabinde KKTC’yi ziyaret etmekten memnuniyet duyacağını söyleyerek, Akıncı’nın iyi dileklerinden dolayı teşekkür etti. Cumhurbaşkanı Mustafa Akıncı ayrıca, TBMM’de temsiliyet hakkı kazanan tüm partilerin liderlerine birer mesaj gönderdi.

Akıncı mesajlarında, yeni dönemde Meclis çalışmalarında başarılar dileyerek, Türkiye’de barış, huzur ve istikrarın geçerli olacağı yeni bir dönem temennisinde bulundu.

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26’ıncı Dönem Milletvekilliği Seçimlerinin tüm yurtta güvenli bir şekilde gerçekleştirilmesi ve seçimlere katılım oranının oldukça yüksek olması büyük memnuniyet vericidir. Seçim sonuçlarının ülkemize huzur, başarı ve refah getirmesini diliyoruz.

1 Kasım Milletvekilliği Genel Seçimleri sonucunda oy oranını önemli ölçüde artırarak iktidarını sürdüren Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisini ve TBMM’de temsil edilecek Cumhuriyet Halk Partisini, Halkların Demokratik Partisini ve Milliyetçi Hareket Partisini kutlar, yeni parlamentonun Türkiye’deki özgürlük alanlarını genişletme, demokratik standartları yükseltme, hukuk devletini güçlendirme ve refah seviyesini artırma yolunda uyum içinde çalışmasını arzu ederiz.

İş dünyasının kurulacak hükümetten ve TBMM’den beklentisi; ilerletilmesi ve geliştirilmesi gereken siyasi reform ve kamu yönetimi, kalkınma ve rekabet gücü alanlarında bir dizi düzenlemenin süratle hayata geçirilebilmesi, AB üyelik sürecinin güçlendirilmesi ve bir süredir yıpratıcı düzeyde keskinleşmiş olan toplumsal kutuplaşmanın sona erdirilmesi yönünde, ortak akıl ve uzlaşı anlayışı içinde hareket edilmesidir. [TÜSİAD]

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1 Kasım 2015 tarihinde yapılan milletvekili genel seçimleri sonucunda seçmenin tercihi tek parti iktidarı yönünde olmuştur. Halkımız, istikrarın sağlanması, güven ortamının tesis edilmesi ve ekonominin tekrar rayına oturması için Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi’ne yetki vermiştir. Beklentimiz, kurulacak olan yeni hükümetin hızla Türkiye’nin acil meseleleri olan terörün önlenmesi, demokratikleşmenin devam etmesi, özgürlük ve güvenlik ortamının tesisi ve siyasi ve ekonomik reformların yapılması yönünde harekete geçmesidir. Seçim sonuçları uyarınca TBMM’de temsil edilecek olan dört partinin de istikrar ve güvenin tesisi ve toplumsal barış ve huzuru tehdit eden kutuplaşmanın önüne geçilmesi yönünde birlikte çalışacaklarını umuyoruz.

Bu dönemde Avrupa Birliği (AB) ile olan ilişkilerimizde mülteci krizinin gerektirdiği hızlandırılmış işbirliği nedeniyle önemli bir hareketlenme yaşanmaktadır. Avrupa Komisyonu’nun 2015 İlerleme Raporunun önümüzdeki günlerde yayınlanması öngörülmektedir. AB ile başlayacak olan bu yeni dönemde, müzakere süreci, gümrük birliğinin güncellenmesi ve vize serbestisi konularında ileriye dönük adımların atılması, ülkemizin gelişmesi açısından bir fırsat penceresi sunmaktadır. Görev alacak yeni hükümetin Türkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği perspektifi doğrultusunda ilerlemeyi hedeflemesi ve siyasi ve ekonomik alanda reformlara hız vermesini temenni ediyoruz.
Ayhan ZEYTİNOĞLU
İKV Yönetim Kurulu Başkanı

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SG

I have written to congratulate Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu on the result of the AKP party in yesterday’s election with a strong voter turnout.

I trust when the new government is formed it will take the initiative to tackle the many challenges facing Turkey today and to build an inclusive society embracing all those who did not vote with the majority.

We look forward to continuing our dialogue and co-operation with Turkey in areas of importance to the Council of Europe, including the country’s role in accommodating over 2 million refugees, reform of the judiciary and freedom of expression.

Thorbjørn Jagland
Secretary General of COE
[ See also:Turkey and the Council of Europe]

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Brussels, 2 November 2015 – Sunday’s general elections in Turkey, which had a high voter turnout, have reaffirmed the strong commitment of the Turkish people to democratic processes.

We look forward to the OSCE’s/ODIHR’s preliminary findings and conclusions which will be presented on Monday. The EU will work together with the future government in order to further enhance the EU-Turkey partnership and to continue to advance our cooperation across all areas for the benefit of all citizens.

Joint statement by Federica Mogherini and Johannes Hahn

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News-ShowImage

Strasbourg, 02.11.2015 – The 1 November early parliamentary elections in Turkey offered voters a variety of choices. At the same time, the challenging security environment, particularly in the southeast of the country, coupled with a high number of violent incidents, including attacks against party members, premises and campaign staff, hindered contestants’ ability to campaign freely, international observers said in a statement issued today. Restrictions on media freedom remain a serious concern, the observers said.

While Turkish citizens could choose between genuine and strong political alternatives in this highly polarised election, the rapidly diminishing choice of media outlets, and restrictions on freedom of expression in general, impacted the process and remain serious concerns,” said Ignacio Sanchez Amor, Special Co-ordinator and Leader of the short-term OSCE observer mission. “Physical attacks on party members, as well as the significant security concerns, particularly in the southeast, further imposed restrictions on the ability to campaign.

A major terrorist bomb attack in Ankara on 10 October significantly affected the atmosphere and conduct of the campaign, with all political parties temporarily suspending campaign activities. Most contestants could convey their messages to the electorate in a campaign atmosphere that was polarised between the ruling party and other contestants, and confrontational rhetoric was common, the statement says. The last two weeks of the campaign were marked by an increased number of attacks against and arrests of members and activists, who were predominantly from the People’s Democratic Party (HDP).

Unfortunately, the campaign for these elections was characterized by unfairness and, to a serious degree, fear,” said Andreas Gross, Head of the PACE delegation. “In light of this, it is even more vital that the president works for an inclusive political process to deal with the problems facing Turkey, ensuring that all voices, including those who lost these elections, are able to be heard.

The violence in the largely Kurdish southeast of the country had a significant impact on the elections, and the recent attacks and arrests of members and activists, predominantly from the HDP, are of concern, as they hindered their ability to campaign,” said Margareta Cederfelt, Head of the OSCE PA delegation. “For an election process to be truly democratic, candidates need to feel that they can campaign and voters need to feel that they can cast their ballots in a safe and secure environment.

While the media landscape comprises a variety of outlets, undue legal restrictions on the freedom of expression remain in place. Investigations against journalists and media outlets for supporting terrorism or defamation of the president, the blocking of websites, the forcible seizure of prominent media outlets and the removal of several television stations from digital service providers reduced voters’ access to a plurality of views and information, the observers said. Media monitoring revealed that three out of the five monitored national television stations, including the public broadcaster, clearly favoured the governing party in their programming.

The elections were well organised by the election administration, and the Supreme Board of Elections met all election deadlines. It concluded that voting should be conducted in the areas affected by violence, and a significant number of polling stations were relocated in a number of neighbourhoods by district election boards, in line with the decision.

If implemented fully and effectively, the legal framework is generally conducive to holding democratic elections. However, certain fundamental freedoms, including the right to vote and be elected, are unduly restricted by the Constitution and legislation. Previous recommendations, dating back to 2011, by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights and by the Council of Europe to address gaps and ambiguities have generally not been addressed, the observers noted.

Once again, our assessment, based on our observation over the past five weeks is not simply black-and-white, and while there were positive elements, there were also shortcomings,” said Ambassador Geert-Hinrich Ahrens, Head of the OSCE/ODIHR limited election observation mission. “I hope that the relevant authorities will consider the message in today’s statement, as well as in the ODIHR final report on these elections, and engage in substantive follow-up on the recommendations the final report will make.

In addition, the 10 per cent threshold for parliamentary elections limits political pluralism, while the system for determining the number of seats per constituency results in significant differences in the number of voters per seat, inconsistent with the principle of equality of the vote, the statement says. In a positive step, the freedom to campaign in any language was guaranteed by law in 2014.

The lack of judicial review of decisions by the Supreme Board of Elections runs counter to the principle of the separation of powers and prevents access to judicial remedy in electoral matters. The Constitutional Court’s recent ruling that the Board’s decisions cannot be reviewed even where fundamental rights and freedoms might have been violated further restricted the opportunity for judicial redress, the observers said.

Candidate registration was inclusive overall, providing voters a diverse and genuine choice. However, candidacy restrictions against those who have not completed compulsory military service or have been convicted of any of a broad range of crimes, including minor criminal offences, are incompatible with the fundamental right to stand for election, the statement says.

There was general confidence in the voter register, the observers noted. However, the restrictions on voting by conscripts, students in military schools and prisoners are not in line with OSCE commitments and other international standards, they said.

Women played an active role in the campaign, although they remain under-represented in political life. While the Constitution guarantees gender equality, there are no special legal obligations for the parties to nominate women candidates. On a positive note, some parties implemented gender quotas and introduced affirmative measures to enhance the participation of women. Approximately 24 per cent of candidates on party lists were female, although not in higher positions.

Election day was generally peaceful, and in the limited number of polling stations observed, voting was largely organised in an efficient manner, although observers were asked to leave in seven polling stations, and there were instances of citizen observers accredited on behalf of political parties being denied access. Counting procedures were assessed as transparent and well organised, although there were some instances where procedures prescribed by law were not followed.

Thomas Rymer, OSCE/ODIHR, +90 (0)536 734 4671 or +48 609 522 266, thomas.rymer@odihr.pl
Andreas Baker, OSCE PA, +90 (0)531 762 2505 or +45 60 10 81 26, andreas@oscepa.dk
Nathalie Bargellini, PACE, +90 (0)545 842 1548 or +33 (0) 6 65 40 32 82, nathalie.bargellini@coe.int [Full report] [OSCE- Findings and Conclusions]

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Gianni_PITTELLA

Brussels, 2 November 2015 – The Turkish people have spoken and we have to respect their decision. However we invite President Erdogan to use the AK Party’s majority wisely and democratically for the benefit of all the country. We urge the government to end national divisions and to return to the path of dialogue with the Kurdish population.

The Turkish people have also shown that they do not want further concentration of power as the preliminary results show that AK Party’s majority is smaller than in the 2011 elections.

We very much welcome the result obtained by our sister parties, HDP and CHP, despite all the intimidation, even deadly attacks against them and despite pressure on the media. We now call President Erdoğan to work together with CHP and HDP and all other progressive and responsible forces for peace, stability, rule of law and reconciliation inside the country and remind him that nationalism is totally incompatible with European values.

Gianni Pittella, President of the S&D Group

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Kati_PIRI

Despite a strongly polarized electoral period and the difficulties faced by some parties to campaign, the Turkish voters turned out in huge numbers to make use of their democratic right.

A large part of the Turkish electorate has chosen stability and security. For that to happen, it is crucial that the dialogue with the Kurdish minority will be re-started and the violence in the country will come to an end.

We are in favour of intensifying our dialogue with Ankara, especially in the area of fundamental rights, justice and home affairs. However, we remind the new government that human rights, press freedom and minority rights must be guaranteed and empowered throughout the whole of Turkey in order to make progress in the EU accession talks – which is a merit based process.

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