AB – Türkiye ilişkilerinde Sonbahar yerine İlkbahar…


Brüksel dudaklarından «bal ve Euro» dökülüyor!

Bu ikiliye dikkat; biri Müslüman, diğeri has Katolik! «birleşme»nin sonucunda bambaşka bir küresel güç ortaya çıkabilir! Anlayana...

Bu ikiliye dikkat; biri Müslüman, diğeri has Katolik! «birleşme»nin sonucunda bambaşka bir küresel güç ortaya çıkabilir! Anlayana…

© photocredit

Türkiye hakkında tek bir şey söylemek istiyorum; Avrupa Birliği ve Türkiye birlikte yürüyebilir. Türkiye’nin güvenli ülkeler listesinde yer aldığına dair görüşümde bugün de ısrarlıyım. ‘Olmaz,’ diyenlere tek tavsiyem Türkiye’nin yaptıklarından sonuçlar çıkarmalarıdır. Türkiye, güvenilir ülkeler listesinde değilse, ve bu yüzden olumsuz bakıyorsanız ve de Türkiye ile müzakereleri iptal etmek istiyorsanız, ileride nihaî kararı burada verirsiniz. Sayın Erdoğan ile görüşmelerimizde de bu söylediklerimin bir latife olarak kabul edlmemesine işaret ediyorum! Türkiye’ye minnettarım; daha 160 bin mültecinin dağıtımı konusunda birbirimiz yerken; onlar 2,2 milyon mülteciye kucak açmış bulunuyorlar. Avrupa Komisyonu Başkanı Jean Claude Juncker.

Turkey’s crisis and how to ensure a peaceful solution ? : With Leyla Zana!

***

Nous avons vu, avec le Président Tusk, avec vous Monsieur le Président et moi-même, le Président Erdoğan, de la République turque. La Turquie fait un effort extraordinaire puisque la Turquie abrite sur son territoire 2,2 millions des réfugiés venant notamment de l’Iraq et de la Syrie. Il est évident que nous avons besoin de la Turquie pour protéger nos frontières extérieures, et la Commission fera le maximum pour venir en support aux efforts appréciables de la République turque.

Nous ne pouvons pas seulement nous concentrer sur nos propres affaires internes. Nous devons aussi prendre soin des problèmes qui existent dans la périphérie de l’Europe. En fait c´est le même problème.

L´Union européenne et la Turquie doivent marcher ensemble et doivent développer en harmonie une même politique d’accueil, de protection et de suivi des malheureux qui viennent chez nous.

J’ai soumis à la méditation du Président turc, en l’accord avec le Président du Conseil européen et le Président du Parlement européen, un plan d’action sur la coopération qu’il s’agit d’instaurer entre la Turquie et l’Union européenne en matière de réfugiés. Nous allons rendre public ce document cet après-midi à 15h00 ce qui fait que je ne peux pas le faire maintenant parce que nous avons convenus avec nos amis Turcs de le faire à 15h00 cet après-midi.

Aber wir haben natürlich auch über andere Fragen geredet. Denken Sie wirklich, dass wir Händchen gehalten hätten mit Herrn Erdoğan? Natürlich haben wir die Probleme angesprochen, auch der Präsident des Parlamentes, im Übrigen, die uns voneinander unterscheiden. Aber ich bin trotzdem der Auffassung, die Türkei gehört auf die Liste der sicheren Länder. Diejenigen, die denken dem müsste nicht so sein, sollen die Schlussfolgerungen aus ihren Anträgen ziehen. Wenn die Türkei nicht auf die Liste der sicheren Länder gehört, wie einige denken, dann muss hier der Antrag gestellt werden, die Beitrittsverhandlungen mit der Türkei abzubrechen. Solange aber wir auch auf die türkische Mithilfe angewiesen sind und solange die Türkei auch auf ein harmonisches, gemeinsames Handeln mit der Europäischen Union angewiesen ist und solange die Beitrittsverhandlungen nicht gestoppt werden, solange gehört auch die Türkei auf die Liste der sicheren Länder. Aber denken Sie nicht, dass wir mit Herrn Erdoğan nur Freundlichkeiten ausgetauscht hätten.

Trotzdem bin ich der Türkei dankbar – das muss man doch einmal hier feststellen – dass sie 2,2 Millionen Flüchtlinge auf ihrem Territorium beherbergt. Wer sind wir denn, dass wir denken, dies wäre keine große Anstrengung? Wir haben uns darauf verständigt 160,000 Menschen in Europa solidarisch auf die Mitgliedsstaaten zu verteilen. Die Türkei hat 2,2 Millionen Flüchtlinge in der Türkei beherberget, von Libanon und von Jordanien nicht zu reden, wo die prozentualen Zahlen noch wesentlich höher ausfallen. [Full Speech]

Stepping up EU-Turkey cooperation on support of refugees and migration management in view of the situation in Syria and Iraq

Brussels, 6 October 2015 – This Action Plan reflects the agreement between the EU and the Republic of Turkey to step up their cooperation on support of refugees and migration management to address the unprecedented refugee crisis.

[Version handed over on 5 October 2015 by European Commission President Juncker to the President of the Republic of Turkey Erdoğan]

This Action Plan reflects the agreement between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Turkey to step up their cooperation on support of refugees and migration management in a coordinated effort to address the unprecedented refugee crisis created by the situation in Syria and Iraq. It follows from the EU-Turkey working dinner on 17 May and the informal meeting of the EU Heads of State or Government on 23 September 2015 where EU leaders called for a reinforced dialogue with Turkey at all levels. The Action Plan identifies a series of collaborative actions to be implemented as a matter of urgency by the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Turkey with the objective to assist Turkey in managing the situation of massive influx of refugees and preventing uncontrolled migratory flows from Turkey to the EU.

This Action Plan was elaborated jointly by the EU and Turkey. It constitutes an integral part of the on-going political dialogue and cooperation between the EU and Turkey. It builds upon the existing EU-Turkey relations, policy dialogue and cooperation instruments, and, more generally Turkey’s EU accession process. This includes in particular the visa liberalisation dialogue, the EU-Turkey readmission agreement and the EU instruments for the provision of financial assistance to Turkey. The implementation of this Action Plan would also contribute to accelerate Turkey’s fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap benchmarks.

The Action Plan, which contains both short-term and medium term measures, tries to address the current crisis situation in two ways: (a) by supporting the refugees and their host communities in Turkey (Part I) and (b) by strengthening cooperation to prevent irregular migration flows to the EU (Part II). It builds on and is consistent with commitments taken by Turkey and the EU in other contexts notably the Visa Liberalisation Dialogue. In both parts it identifies the actions that are to be implemented simultaneously by Turkey and the EU.

The implementation of the Action Plan will allow the EU and Turkey to:

Under Part I of the action plan:
• Cover further emergency needs by providing immediate humanitarian assistance to the refugees;
• Alleviate the burden undertaken by the Turkish society to host more than 2.2 million refugees;
• Create better living conditions and medium and long-term perspectives for the refugees in Turkey; and
• Address key factors that push the refugees to move from Turkey to the EU through irregular channels in search of alternative places of asylum.

Under Part 2 of the Action Plan:
• Prevent further arrivals of irregular migrants to Turkey and irregular departures of refugees and migrants from Turkey to the EU;
• Prevent losses of lives at sea by intensified search and rescue operations;
• Step up the fight against criminal networks involved in the smuggling of migrants; and
• Ensure prompt return to the point of origin of irregular migrants who are not in need of international protection and who were apprehended by the law enforcement agencies of the EU Member States or Turkey and support the reintegration of returnees to the countries of origin.

The implementation of the Action Plan is set to start immediately; it will be jointly steered and monitored by the European Commission and the High Representative / Vice President and the Turkish government through the establishment of the EU-Turkey high-level dialogue on migration.

Part I: Supporting the Syrian and Iraqi refugees and their Turkish hosting communities

Turkey is making commendable efforts to provide massive humanitarian aid and support to an unprecedented and continuously increasing influx of refugees from Syria and Iraq which has exceeded 2.2 million to date. Turkey has already spent more than € 6.75 billion of its own resources on addressing this crisis.

Under this part of the Action Plan, the two parties will undertake the following actions:

The EU side intends to:
1. Mobilise up to €1 billion [1]
for the period 2015-16 to support Turkey in coping with the challenge represented by the presence of Syrian and Iraqi refugees. The identification of the funds to be mobilised and the areas where they should be allocated will be discussed and agreed with the Turkish authorities. Priority should be given to actions providing immediate humanitarian assistance; provision of legal, administrative and psychological support to refugees; support for community centres; the enhancement of self-sufficiency and employability of refugees and their social inclusion; improved access to education at all levels; but also actions supporting host communities in areas such as infrastructures and services.
2. Turkey could benefit from a fair share of the substantial increase of the EU Regional Trust Fund in response to the Syrian Crisis announced at the 23 September European Council.
3. Continue to provide immediate and principled humanitarian assistance via humanitarian organisations in Turkey to address the most urgent humanitarian needs of refugees on the basis on their vulnerability in parallel and complementary to bilateral cooperation programmes aimed at addressing the needs created by the protracted refugee crisis.
4. To ensure an efficient use of the additional funding, the EU institutions, in close cooperation with Turkey, will proceed with a comprehensive needs assessment as a basis for programming. The assessment would allow designing adequate short, medium and long-term actions to address the needs of the refugees and the communities and regions hosting refugees to cope with the inflow of people, notably in terms of infrastructures and economic competitiveness.
5. Continue providing assistance to Syrian refugees hosted in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, as well as to Syrians displaced within Syria with the aim to contribute, inter alia, to the weakening of push factors forcing them to move towards Turkey. This new assistance intends to add to the over € 4.2 billion of total budget already mobilised by the Commission and Member States collectively in humanitarian, development, economic and stabilisation assistance to Syrians in their country and to refugees and their host communities in neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt.
6. Support existing Member State and EU resettlement schemes and programmes, which could enable refugees in Turkey to enter the EU in an orderly manner. Work on a structured EU-wide approach to resettlement shall be stepped-up.

Turkey intends to:

1. Continue and further enhance the effective implementation of the law on foreigners and international protection by adopting necessary secondary legislation and raising awareness of its content among all parties concerned.
2. Ensure that migrants are registered and provided with appropriate documents on a compulsory basis to enable to build a stronger migration management strategy and system.
3. Ensure that the asylum procedures that have been initiated are completed, so that the status of refugee is granted without delay to those whose asylum requests are positively assessed.
4. Continue to adopt and implement policies, legislation and programmes facilitating self-sufficiency and inclusion of refugees into the Turkish society. This includes in particular the adoption of measures enabling refugees to have access, for the duration of their stay in Turkey, to labour market and public services including education for pupils and access to health services. As indicated above, EU funding can be used to support such measures. The measures should also enable refugees in need to settle in appropriate accommodations by facilitating their access to available shelters and building new ones. In this respect, priority will be given to the opening of the</b> six refugee reception centres built with the EU co-funding.
5. Ensure that vulnerable people (e.g. unaccompanied children on the move, victims of trafficking) are identified and taken care of.

Part II: Strengthening cooperation to prevent irregular migration

Under this part of the Action Plan, measures will build on the visa liberalisation dialogue, the visa roadmap and the provisions of the EU-Turkey readmission agreement. To this end, the two parties intend to undertake the following actions:

The EU side intends to:

1. Better inform refugees in Turkey about the risks linked to irregular departures as well as about the possibilities actually available to them to enter in an orderly manner into the European Union or in other countries, and the relevant procedures to be implemented.
2. Support Turkey to strengthen its capacity to combat migrant smuggling, notably by reinforcing the Turkish Coast Guard patrolling and surveillance capacity.
3. Support cooperation between EU Member States and Turkey in organising joint return operations, including reintegration measures, towards countries of origin of irregular migrants that are of interest to both sides.
4. Support the development of dialogue and cooperation with the authorities of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and Bangladesh on preventing irregular migration, fighting against migrant smuggling and on improving the management of migration within the framework of the implementation of the “Silk Routes’ Partnership for migration”.
5. Enhance the EU capacity to exchange information with Turkey on combating smuggling networks by deploying a FRONTEX liaison officer to Turkey and by cooperating with the liaison officers already deployed by Turkey in the EU.
6. Increase the financial assistance offered to support Turkey in developing a well-functioning asylum, migration, visa and integrated border management system in line with the EU-Turkey visa dialogue.

Turkey intends to:

1. Strengthen the interception capacity of the Turkish Coast Guard, notably by upgrading its surveillance equipment, increasing its patrolling activity and search and rescue capacity, and stepping up its cooperation with the Hellenic Coast Guard.
2. Step up cooperation and accelerate procedures in order to smoothly readmit irregular migrants who are not in need of international protection and were intercepted by Romanian, Greek or Bulgarian authorities coming from the Turkish territory in line with the established readmission obligations. Additional points for handing over of irregular migrants intercepted in the Aegean Sea should be opened.
3. Step up cooperation with Bulgarian and Greek authorities to prevent irregular migration across their common land borders by effectively implementing the tri-partite agreement signed in May 2015 establishing a common centre in Capitan Andreevo.
4. Strengthen the visa requirements and residence rules applicable in Turkey to nationals from countries that are potentially source of irregular migration for Turkey and the EU.
5. Develop further its data analysis capacities with the view to better assessing and managing migration flows on its territory.
6. Continue and further enhance the fight against criminal networks involved in the smuggling of migrants, notably by increasing operational cooperation between and among Turkish law enforcement authorities and their counterparts of the EU Member States and EU Agencies, including by strengthening rules on personal data protection. This would enhance the capacity relevant Turkish agencies to block in a timely manner the attempts of irregular departures and to investigate and dismantle smuggling networks.
7. Intensify the exchange of information and cooperation with the EU and its Member States. In particular, it will work closely with Member States’ immigration liaison officers located in Turkey, including at the airports, in view of intensifying the fight against migrants smuggling networks, and of accelerating the identification of fraudulent travel documents and real identities of migrants.
8. Further intensify cooperation with FRONTEX by implementing the working arrangement.

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini met with Turkish Foreign Minister Feridun Sinirlioğlu

Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission, today met with Turkish Foreign Minister Feridun Sinirlioğlu to discuss the most pressing foreign policy issues, in particular the situation in Syria and the refugee crisis in light of the latest developments. Both agreed that tackling these common challenges requires the EU and Turkey to work closely together.

The High Representative recognised the crucial long-standing Turkish role in hosting millions of Syrian refugees and confirmed the readiness of the European Union to continue supporting these efforts. The High Representative and the Minister also agreed to strengthen the EU-Turkey cooperation on the management of refugee crisis and other migration-related issues. A Working Group will be set up to take this work forward. The strengthened cooperation will also be the main topic of the High Level Conference on the Eastern Mediterranean/Western Balkans route that will take place in Luxembourg on 8 October.

In the discussion on Syria crisis, the High Representative underlined that efforts should be put on fighting Da’esh and terrorism which represent a threat to the region, the EU and the world, while avoiding a military escalation of the conflict. In parallel, priority should be given to renewed UN-led efforts to start a political process leading to a peaceful and inclusive transition and bring an end to the war. She emphasized that all regional and international actors having an influence on the parties should engage constructively in such negotiations in order to ensure the success of the process.

The Foreign Minister informed the High Representative of the unacceptable violations of Turkish airspace by Russian combat aircraft.

The High Representative and the Minister also discussed the good progress being made on the Cyprus settlement talks.

This meeting took place in the context of the visit of the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to the European Union. Following this meeting HRVP Mogherini joined the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker for his meeting with President Erdogan. [Full Statement]

Funding to main migration-related activities in the Western Balkans and Turkey

6 October 2015 – Overall pre-accession support for migration-related activities (both past and planned): €469 million

A number of structural actions have been undertaken to underpin Turkey’s efforts on the visa roadmap. Funding from IPA in the area of home affairs is increasing from €130 million over 2011-2013 to an indicative allocation of €245 million for the period 2014-2016.

The bulk of the assistance goes to:
• integrated border management with a focus on land borders and sea borders;
• support the construction of removal centres for illegal migrants and reception centres for asylum seekers;
• support to the international protection system;
• support to anti-trafficking of human beings.

€94 million of IPA has also been mobilised to assist Turkey in coping with the influx of Syrian migrants (the EU total assistance for this purpose in Turkey amounting to over €175 million).

As part of EU’s efforts to step up the support to its neighbours in managing the refugee crisis the funding for Turkey could reach up to one billion euros, if Turkey wants and agrees. The funds can come from reallocation from various funding sources, including sectorial programs in support for Syrian refugees crisis/support to host communities/migration related activities. [Full Text]

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