Genel Seçim/Elections 2015 : Tepkiler/Reactions/Reaktionen.


elections

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Turkey is an important member of the European family. Yesterday’s legislative elections have shown the strong commitment of the Turkish people to democracy and their determination to use their democratic voice. I look forward to working closely with the new government, when it is formed, to further strengthen democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Turkey.

La Turquie est un membre important de la famille européenne. Les législatives d’hier ont montré que le peuple turc était vivement attaché à la démocratie et qu’il tenait à faire un choix démocratique. Je me réjouis d’œuvrer avec le nouveau gouvernement, dès qu’il sera formé, pour continuer de renforcer la démocratie, les droits de l’homme et l’état de droit en Turquie. Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland,

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June 8, 2015 – Parliamentary elections in Turkey were characterized by high participation and strong and active political but “tainted” by violence, according to election observers.

The international election monitors, which included a Parliamentary Assembly delegation, warned today that the country’s 10 per cent threshold “limited political pluralism.”

They added: “Media freedom is an area of serious concern, with media outlets and individual journalists critical of the ruling party being subject to pressure and intimidation during the campaign.

“Fundamental freedoms were generally respected. Unfortunately, the campaign was tainted by a high number of attacks on party offices and serious incidents of physical attacks, some resulting in fatalities.”

Tiny Kox, head of the assembly delegation for the 7 June vote, said: “We praise the active participation of citizens, the high voter turnout and the broad observation activities by parties, as well as by citizen observer groups, which in the future should be granted legal status.

“The 10 per cent threshold limits political pluralism, and we continue to urge that it be lowered substantially.”

The 7 June parliamentary elections in Turkey were characterised by active and high citizen participation, during the campaign and on election day. Voters could choose from a wide range of political parties, but the 10 per cent threshold to enter parliament limits political pluralism, international observers said in a statement issued today. Media freedom is an area of serious concern, with media outlets and individual journalists critical of the ruling party being subject to pressure and intimidation during the campaign, the observers said.

“The elections engaged society in a vibrant and hard-fought campaign, and demonstrated that there is a real choice from among strong political forces in Turkey,” said Vilija Aleknaite Abramikiene, Special Co-ordinator and Leader of the Short-Term OSCE Observer Mission. “I was impressed yesterday to see people so actively going to the polls, especially after the recent violence and tragic loss of life. Their continued engagement demonstrates commitment to democratic elections. Remaining challenges, including on media freedoms and the high threshold for entry into the parliament, should be addressed to better reflect people’s choices.”

Fundamental freedoms were generally respected. Unfortunately, the campaign was tainted by a high number of attacks on party offices and serious incidents of physical attacks, some resulting in fatalities.

The elections were organised professionally in general, but greater transparency in the election administration would increase trust in the electoral process, the statement said. Several Supreme Board of Elections decisions were inconsistent with legislation, including in relation to campaigning and election administration, and the lack of judicial review of those decisions challenges the separation of powers and prevents access to judicial remedy in election matters.

“We praise the active participation of citizens, the high voter turnout and the broad observation activities by parties, as well as by citizen observer groups, which in the future should be granted legal status,” said Tiny Kox, Head of the PACE Delegation. “The 10 per cent threshold limits political pluralism, and we continue to urge that it be lowered substantially.”

International observers were accredited for these elections. The law, however, does not create a legal basis for citizen and international observation, and two citizen observer groups were denied accreditation by the SBE.

The President played an active role in the election campaign, even though the constitution obliges him to be non-partisan, attending an extraordinary number of public events, which were used as opportunities to campaign in favour of the ruling party and to criticise opposition figures, the observers noted.

Twenty parties and 165 independent candidates took part in the elections. They were generally able to campaign freely and did so extensively, although there were isolated instances of the cancellation of or restrictions on rallies for opposition parties in favour of events organised for the President or Prime Minister, the statement says.

“While Turkey has a history of a generally functioning, pluralistic system, challenges related to freedom of expression and the dominant role played by the President in the campaign partially undermined fairness in this election,” said Ignacio Sanchez Amor, Head of the OSCE PA Delegation. “Turkey clearly plays a stabilising role in a tough neighbourhood, but these security challenges cannot be a justification for backsliding on democratic commitments. The strong engagement of people across the country during the campaign and yesterday is a good sign for Turkey’s future.”

The media environment is vibrant, with a wide range of broadcast and print outlets, but undue restrictions remain and media critical of the ruling party faced increasing pressure and intimidation by public figures and political actors during the election period. Media monitoring results showed that the coverage was polarised along partisan lines, with three of the five television channels monitored, including the public broadcaster, displaying a significant bias in favour of the ruling party.

“The results of our observation are not a black-and-white picture. I trust that the competent authorities will concentrate on the messages contained in the critical points and on the recommendations that will come in the ODIHR final report, rather than on the defence of sometimes-flawed practice,” said Ambassador Geert-Hinrich Ahrens, Head of the OSCE/ODIHR Limited Election Observation Mission. “In this respect, rectification is better than justification or denial. All in all, these elections were an impressive exercise in democracy.”

In the limited number of polling stations visited by international observers, election day was well organised, with a few localised security incidents. The counting and tabulation processes were noted as generally transparent, although some important procedural errors were observed and, in some instances, international observers were denied access to tabulation facilities. Election observers report on Turkish parliamentary elections

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08 June 2015 – Turkey’s general election on 7 June took place with a record 86% turn out, a clear sign of strength of the Turkish democracy. The fact that all major political parties obtained representation in the new parliament is particularly important.

We look forward to hearing the OSCE/ODIHR’s preliminary findings and conclusions.

We now look forward to the swift formation of a new parliament and government, and to working together closely. The coming period offers opportunities for further strengthening the EU-Turkey relationship and to advance in broadening EU-Turkey cooperation in all fields, for the benefit of all our citizens. Joint statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Johannes Hahn on the general elections in Turkey

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Democracy prevailed over obscurantism. Turkey needs an inclusive government

Following the outcome of the general election in Turkey, where people clearly decided to change course despite intimidations and pressure on journalists, the leader of the Socialist and Democrats Group in the European Parliament, Gianni Pittella, stated:

“Democracy has prevailed over obscurantism. Turkish people have sent a clear message to President Erdoğan: Turkey should remain a modern democracy, multicultural and multi-religious based on lay constitution, where minorities’ and free press rights are respected. The outcome of the elections assures for the very first time in modern Turkish history the representation of a pro-Kurdish party and other national minorities.

“The number of women elected has definitely increased as well as the turnout and the participation of young people to the vote. We very much welcome the result obtained by our sister parties, HDP and CHP, and we now call President Erdoğan and all progressive and responsible forces to work for a parliamentary solution in order to assure an inclusive government able to put Turkey back on the tracks of European integration.”

S&D MEP and rapporteur on Turkey, Kati Piri, said:

“Voters want Turkey to change course. No further concentration of power – but a peaceful and sustainable conclusion of the peace process with the Kurdish community and a need for parties to compromise – that is the outcome of the elections.”

“Despite problems during the campaign and the pressure exerted on journalists and media outlets, the people proved the resilience of Turkish democracy; with a very high turn-out of 86%, and the participation of some 50,000 civic volunteers at the ballot boxes, Turks elected the most inclusive and representative parliament ever. This is a victory for democracy.”

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The Elections were mainly peaceful and respectful of democratic values a

Gabi Zimmer, President of GUE/NGL in the European Parliament, warmly congratulated the pro-Kurdish HDP for their result in yesterday’s Turkish parliamentary elections.

“With more than 13 percent of the vote, HDP clearly passed the 10 per cent threshold and succeeded in taking seats in the Turkish Parliament. Their progressive programme and campaigning reached far more than just Kurdish voters. We warmly congratulate the campaigners and the co-chairs of the HDP for this great success. In particular, we are very pleased for our comrade Feleknas Uca, a former GUE/NGL MEP, who will now join the HDP in the Turkish Parliament.”

Gabi Zimmer continued: “Erdogan is the definite loser in this election. He and his conservative AKP party have failed to reach their goal to get a constitutional amending majority in order to introduce an authoritarian presidential system. This project has been clearly rejected by the Turkish electorate.”

On the issue of the increasing repression by AKP and its followers against journalists and political opponents, Gabi Zimmer said: “AKP ran a smear campaign against the HDP and their campaigners and, in doing so, fuelled a dangerous atmosphere and provoked resentment. Erdogan lacked respect towards democratic values and the Turkish Constitution by not remaining neutral as president and by openly speaking out in favour of an AKP government. This is why many Turkish people voted against him. Despite an intense atmosphere, the elections were mainly peaceful and respectful of democratic values as was also confirmed by our MEP Martina Michels who observed the elections in Diyarbakir on behalf of the GUE/NGL. This election result is a great success for democracy, the Kurdish peace process, the coexistence of the different ethnic groups, and women’s rights in Turkey.”

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ELECTION OUTCOME GIVES HOPE FOR TURKISH DEMOCRACY

Commenting on the results of Sunday’s parliamentary election in Turkey, Greens/EFA co-president Rebecca Harms said:
“This vote gives hope for democracy and human rights in Turkey. After the dramatic lurch by Turkish president Erdogan away from basic democratic norms and values in the recent past, notably his clampdown against media freedom, this vote shows that an important section of Turkish society is not willing to accept this. This vote is a democratic rebuke to Erdogan’s course and, as such, he is the loser. Not only has the AKP failed to secure a majority but the HDP has entered parliament for the first time thanks to its adoption of a progressive programme, which appealed beyond its Kurdish base.”

Green foreign policy and Turkey spokesperson Bodil Ceballos added:
“The EU must now do much more to proactively promote democracy and human rights. The EU accession process provides an important platform to this end and the EU must now open negotiations on chapters 23 and 24, which have direct relevance for these issues. The EU must send a signal to those in Turkish society who are pushing for democratic reform that they can count on Europe’s support. The European Parliament will vote on its annual report on Turkey’s progress this week and MEPs must use this vote to send a signal along these lines to Turkey.”

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UNE BOUFFÉE D’OXYGÈNE POUR LA DÉMOCRATİE ET LES DROİTS DE L’HOMME

Les Turcs ont élu ce dimanche un nouveau parlement. Malgré le seuil électoral élevé de 10%, le parti kurde HDP a réussi l’exploit d’envoyer des députés à la Grande Assemblée nationale turque.

Pour le Président Verts-ALE, Philippe LAMBERTS :
« L’arrivée du parti kurde est une bonne nouvelle pour le pluralisme et le renforcement de l’opposition à la politique du Président Erdogan.
Une politique devenue de plus en plus autoritaire au fil du temps. La détérioration de l’État de droit et les atteintes répétées aux droits de l’homme sont particulièrement préoccupantes. Les interventions de ces derniers mois visant à museler la presse d’opposition se sont notamment traduites par des arrestations de journalistes.

Si Recep Tayyip Erdogan semble tourner le dos aux valeurs européennes, il s’avère qu’en n’obtenant pas la majorité requise pour modifier la Constitution, les électeurs ont exprimé une volonté de mettre un frein au comportement zélé de l’AKP d’Erdogan. Les résultats de cette élection sont donc une bonne nouvelle pour la démocratie. »

Pour Michèle RIVASI, vice-présidente Verts-ALE
« Cette élection devrait pousser l’Union européenne à agir pour renforcer cette tendance positive et favoriser l’émergence de forces politiques alternatives progressistes Elle devrait donc dégeler les négociations et ouvrir sans tarder le chapitre 23 consacré à la justice et aux droits fondamentaux ainsi que le chapitre 24 « Justice, liberté, sécurité ». Il s’agirait d’un signal fort et encourageant pour celles et ceux qui se battent en Turquie pour la démocratie. C’est en tout cas un message que nous espérons retrouver dans la résolution sur la Turquie que notre Parlement adoptera mercredi. ».

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HOFFNUNG FÜR MENSCHENRECHTE UND DEMOKRATİE

Am Sonntag haben die Türkei ein neues Parlament gewählt. Erstmals hat es die pro-kurdische HDP-Partei trotz der Zehn-Prozent-Hürde ins Parlament geschafft. Dies eröffne neue Chancen in der Türkei und auch für den Verhandlungsprozess mit der EU, meint die Vorsitzende der Grünen/EFA-Fraktion Rebecca Harms:

“Präsident Erdogan ist der klare Verlierer dieser Wahl. Die Situation in der Türkei hat sich unter Erdogan in den vergangenen Monaten erschreckend verschlechtert. Zahlreiche oppositionelle Journalisten sind verhaftet worden. Kritischen Medien wurde gedroht, man werde sie zum Schweigen bringen. Präsident Erdogan hat sich von demokratischen Werten abgewendet. Die Bürgerrechte sowie die Presse- und Meinungsfreiheit wurden außer Kraft gesetzt, um die Macht des Präsidenten und seiner Partei zu festigen. Dieses Wahlergebnis zeigt, dass viele Bürger in der Türkei das nicht durchgehen lassen. Dass die AKP im Parlament keine Mehrheit erreicht hat, um die Verfassung zu ändern, ist eine gute Nachricht und bringt neue Hoffnung für die Demokraten in der Türkei. Wir gratulieren der HDP, die es geschafft hat, mit viel Einsatz und wenig Geld die politischen Verhältnisse in der Türkei zu ändern.

Für die Europäische Union heißt es, in den Verhandlungen mit der Türkei ernsthafter und zuverlässiger zu arbeiten. Die Europäische Union und die Türkei sind aufeinander abgewiesen. Die EU muss sich dafür einsetzen, dass die inhaftieren Journalisten freikommen und dass die türkische Regierung die Drohungen gegenüber Oppositionsmedien zurücknimmt.”

Für die stellvertretende Vorsitzende der Grünen/EFA-Fraktion im Europäischen Parlament und Mitglied der EU-Türkei-Delegation, Ska Keller, ist dies auch ein gutes Zeichen für den Verhandlungsprozess mit der EU:

“Die EU darf nicht ignorieren, was in der Türkei passiert. Sie muss sich aktiv für Menschenrechte und Demokratie engagieren. Das bedeutet auch, dass die Verhandlungskapitel 23 und 24 endlich eröffnet werden müssen, die sich genau mit diesen Themen beschäftigen. Die EU und vor allem die Regierungen der Mitgliedstaaten sollten allen demokratischen Kräften in der Türkei signalisieren, dass sie auf die Unterstützung der EU zählen können. Erdogan muss begreifen, dass er seinen autoritären Kurs nicht weiterfahren kann. Das Wahlergebnis ist ein klares Warnsignal an die Ein-Mann-Show Erdogans. Die EU muss auch darauf drängen, dass die Zwischenfälle vom Wahltag schnellstmöglich aufgeklärt werden.”

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8 HAZİRAN 2015 – 2015 Genel seçimlerinin, Türkiye’nin demokrasi tarihinin birikimine uygun bir olgunlukla geçtiğini ve sonucunda Türkiye’de yeni bir dönemin başlangıcının işaret edildiğini belirten Vardan şunları ifade etti: ‘’Türkiye, yetmiş yıla yaklaşan çok partili demokratik tecrübesiyle bir seçim dönemini daha geride bırakmıştır. Vatandaşlarımız yüksek bir katılımla ve sükûnet içinde iradelerini beyan etmişlerdir. Tüm dünyanın izlediği, sivil toplum kuruluşlarımızın ve vatandaşlarımızın da ilgiyle yakından takip ettiği, şeffaf, katılımcı ve tüm endişelerin aksine AB standartlarında bir süreci hep beraber arkada bırakmış bulunuyoruz. Genel seçim sonrasında ortaya çıkan tablo, 2002’den bu yana tek başına iktidar olan AK parti de dahil olmak üzere hiçbir partinin tek başına iktidar olmasına imkan tanımamaktadır. Dolayısıyla sonuçlar, yeni hükümetin oluşumunda partilerin bir araya gelmesi gerekliliğine işaret etmektedir. Bu vesileyle iş dünyası olarak, yeni dönem için, Türkiye’nin bugüne kadar elde etmiş olduğu kazanımlarını devam ettirecek, başlanmış projeleri neticelendirecek, planlanan projelere başlayacak, uzun vadeli hedefleriyle uyumlu bir hükümetin oluşarak göreve başlamasını umut ediyoruz. Türkiye, bilhassa bölgesel risklerin ortaya çıkardığı büyük meydan okumaları göğüslemek ve toplumsal sorunlarını çözmek için yeni seçilen Parlamento içinde çözümler üretmek ve ekonomi gündemine odaklanmak zorundadır. Ülkemizin son yıllardaki kazanımları güven ve istikrar ortamının bir neticesidir. Komşu coğrafyalarımızda, özelikle kuzeyimizde ve güneyimizde çok büyük istikrarsızlık alanları varken, ülke içinde ayrı bir istikrarsız duruma müsaade etmemeliyiz. Türkiye’nin kaybedecek vakti yoktur. Herkesin ülkenin âli menfaatleri için çalışması gerekmektedir. Bizler, yatırımların devamına vesile olacak bir güven ortamının yeni dönemde de tesis edilmesini ve yapısal reformlara da devam edilmesini arzu ediyoruz. Ayrıca tüm kazanımlarımızı koruyarak ülkemizin uzun vadeli hedeflerine odaklanılması ve bu bağlamda yeni Anayasanın yapılması ile AB sürecine de devam edilmesi gerektiğine inanıyoruz. Bu vesileyle 2015 genel seçimlerinin tüm ülkemize hayırlar getirmesini diliyoruz.’’ İKV-DEİK ORTAK BASIN AÇIKLAMASI

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25. Dönem Milletvekili Seçimleri sonucunda TBMM’de görev alacak tüm milletvekillerimizi ve temsil edilecek siyasi partilerimizi kutlarız. İş dünyası olarak, yeni parlamentonun ülkemizin demokratik, ekonomik ve sosyal açıdan gelişmişlik düzeyini yükseltmek amacıyla kararlılıkla çalışacağına inanıyoruz.

Geride bıraktığımız seçim kampanyası döneminde, geleneksel seçim dönemlerinin oldukça ötesinde bir toplumsal gerginliğe, kutuplaşmaya ve güven ortamını zedeleyen bir sürece tanık olduk. Ülkede ve ekonomide güven, özgür düşünceyle, katılımcılık anlayışıyla, hukukun üstünlüğüyle ve ortak akılla gelişir. TÜSİAD olarak, güven ortamının, şeffaflık ve hesap verebilirlik anlayışıyla, sivil toplumun etkili varlığı ile güçleneceğine inanıyoruz.

Her seçim, her yenilenen Meclis, demokrasinin güçlenmesi için bir fırsattır. Seçim sonuçları itibariyle seçmen iradesi, siyasi partilere tek başına hükümet kuracak çoğunluğu vermemiştir. Bu bağlamda partilerimizin, demokrasinin gereği olan uzlaşma kültürü ile hareket ederek, ülkenin menfaatleri etrafında kenetlenmelerini diliyoruz.

Yeni parlamentonun ve kurulacak hükümetin, tüm paydaşların katkısı ve desteği ile demokratik standartları ve hukuk devleti olgusunu güçlendirmesini diliyoruz. Ülkemizin potansiyeline ulaşabilmesi için küresel ölçekte rekabet gücüne sahip bir sanayi ve insan kaynağı başta olmak üzere, tüm kalkınma başlıklarında kazanımların güçlendirilerek ilerletilmesini ümit ediyoruz.

TÜSİAD olarak önümüzdeki bu dönemde, karşılıklı diyalog ve paydaşlarla işbirliği ile, ülkemizin ve insanımızın yarınlarına katkı sağlamaya ve katma değer yaratmaya devam edeceğiz
TÜSİAD Yönetim Kurulu

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