Syria : Security Council resolution…

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22 February 2014 – The United Nations Security Council today unanimously approved a resolution to boost humanitarian aid access in Syria, a move Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said can ease some civilian suffering, if it is implemented quickly and in good faith.
Through Resolution 2139 (2014), the Council demanded “that all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, promptly allow rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access for UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing partners, including across conflict lines and across borders”.
The 15-member Council also called for an immediate end to all forms of violence in the country and strongly condemned the rise of Al Qaida-affiliated terror.
Members insisted that all parties cease attacking civilians, including through the indiscriminate use of weapons in populated areas, such as shelling and aerial bombardment with barrel bombs, whose use has been condemned by senior UN officials.
Mr. Ban, who participated in the rare Saturday meeting, welcomed the resolution but added that it “should not have been necessary” as humanitarian assistance is not something to be negotiated but allowed by virtue of international law.
He expressed profound shock that both sides are besieging civilians as a tactic of war, and noted that reports of human rights violations continue, including massacres, as well as sexual and gender-based violence against children.
In the resolution, the Council strongly condemned the widespread violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by the Syrian authorities, and urged all parties involved in the conflict to lift sieges of populated areas, including in Aleppo, Damascus and Rural Damascus, and Homs.
They also underscored the importance of medical neutrality and demanded the demilitarization of medical facilities, schools and other civilian facilities.
After the Security Council meeting, the authors of the adopted text, Ambassador Gary Quinlan from Australia, Luxembourgs Sylvie Lucas, and Prince Zeid Raad Zeid Al-Hussein, Permanent Representative of Jordan, highlighted the Council’s commitment to take further steps in case of non-compliance with the resolution.
The Council has asked that Mr. Ban submit a report to the members every 30 days from today specifying progress made towards the resolution’s implementation.
Today’s text builds on the Presidential Statement adopted four months ago, which stressed the need for immediate action to protect civilians and give access to people in need.
Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos said she hopes the passing of the resolution will facilitate delivery of aid. In a statement after the adoption, she underscored the importance of protecting ordinary people who have been bearing the brunt of the violence, particularly children.
Earlier this month, Ms. Amos noted that despite modest progress on the humanitarian front, the UN and partners have not been able to reach the most vulnerable people in the country.
She underscored her plea to Council members to do everything they can to use their influence over the parties to this appalling conflict, to ensure that they abide by humanitarian pauses and ceasefires, give humanitarian actors sustained and regular access, commit, in writing, to upholding international humanitarian law, allow systematic cross-line access, and prevent UN relief teams from being shot at while delivering aid to people in need.
Well over 100,000 people have been killed and an estimated 9 million others driven from their homes since the conflict erupted between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and various groups seeking his ouster nearly three years ago.
According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), there are currently more than 2.4 million refugees registered in the region: some 932,000 in Lebanon; 574,000 in Jordan; some 613,000 in Turkey; 223,000 in Iraq; and about 134,000 in Egypt.
In today’s resolution, the Council emphasized that the humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate in the absence of a political solution and expressed support for the UN-sponsored direct talks between Government and opposition representatives.
At the end of the second round of talks last week, Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN-Arab League Joint Special Representative, expressed regret that only modest cooperation between the sides was reached on humanitarian effort.
Mr. Brahimi, who is scheduled to be at the UN Headquarters next week, said the parties had agreed that a new round of talks would focus on violence and terrorism, a transitional governing body, national institutions and national reconciliation.


22 February 2014

The Security Council

Recalling its resolutions 2042 (2012), 2043 (2012) and 2118 (2013), and its Presidential Statements of 3 August 2011, 21 March 2012, 5 April 2012 and 2 October 2013,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Syria, and to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Being appalled at the unacceptable and escalating level of violence and the death of well over 100,000 people in Syria, including over 10,000 children, as reported by the UN Secretary-General and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict,
Expressing grave alarm at the significant and rapid deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Syria, in particular the dire situation of hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped in besieged areas, most of whom are besieged by the Syrian armed forces and some by opposition groups, as well as the dire situation of over 3 million people in hard-to-reach areas, and deploring the difficulties in providing, and the failure to provide, access for the humanitarian assistance to all civilians in need inside Syria,
Emphasizing the need to respect the UN guiding principles of humanitarian emergency assistance and stressing the importance of such assistance being delivered on the basis of need, devoid of any political prejudices and aims, commending the efforts of the United Nations and all humanitarian and medical personnel in Syria and in neighbouring countries, and condemning all acts or threats of violence against United Nations staff and humanitarian actors, which have resulted in the death, injury and detention of many humanitarian personnel,
Expressing grave concern at the increasing number of refugees and internally displaced persons caused by the conflict in Syria, which has a destabilising impact on the entire region, and underscoring its appreciation for the significant and admirable efforts that have been made by the countries of the region, notably Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt, to accommodate the more than 2.4 million refugees who have fled Syria as a result of the on-going violence, while acknowledging the enormous political, socioeconomic and financial impact of the presence of large-scale populations in these countries, and underscoring the need for all parties to respect and maintain the security and civilian character of camps for refugees and internally displaced persons,
Welcoming the pledges totalling $2.5 billion at the Second International Humanitarian Pledging Conference for Syria, hosted by Kuwait on 15 January 2014, and expressing its appreciation to Member States and regional and sub-regional organizations that have pledged to provide humanitarian assistance to people in need in all parts of Syria, including internally displaced persons, as well as to refugees in neighbouring host countries, and calling on all Member States to ensure the timely disbursement of pledges and continued support in line with growing humanitarian needs,
Calling on all parties to immediately end all violence which has led to human suffering in Syria, save Syria’s rich societal mosaic and cultural heritage, and take appropriate steps to ensure the protection of Syria’s World Heritage Sites,
Strongly condemning the increased terrorist attacks resulting in numerous casualties and destruction carried out by organizations and individuals associated with Al-Qaeda, its affiliates and other terrorist groups, and reiterating its call on all parties to commit to putting an end to terrorist acts perpetrated by such organizations and individuals, while reaffirming that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed,
Expressing its regret that its Presidential Statement of 2 October 2013 (S/PRST/2013/15) has not delivered as expected and has not yet translated into meaningful progress on the ground, and that humanitarian aid delivery continues to be impeded throughout Syria, while condemning all cases of denial of humanitarian access and recalling that arbitrary denial of humanitarian access and depriving civilians of objects indispensable to their survival, including wilfully impeding relief supply and access, can constitute a violation of international humanitarian law,
Emphasizing that the humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate in the absence of a political solution to the crisis, reiterating its endorsement of the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 (Annex II of Resolution 2118 (2113)) and demanding that all parties work towards the immediate and comprehensive implementation of the Geneva Communiqué aimed at bringing an immediate end to all violence, violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international law, and facilitating the Syrian-led political process launched in Montreux on 22 January 2014, leading to a transition that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people and enables them independently and democratically to determine their own future,
1. Strongly condemns the widespread violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by the Syrian authorities, as well as the human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law by armed groups, including all forms of sexual and gender-based violence, as well as all grave violations and abuses committed against children in contravention of applicable international law, such as recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape, attacks on schools and hospitals as well as arbitrary arrest, detention, torture, ill treatment and use as human shields, as described in the United Nations Secretary-General’s report on children and armed conflict in Syria (S/2014/31);
2. Demands that all parties immediately put an end to all forms of violence, irrespective of where it comes from, cease and desist from all violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights, and reaffirm their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and stresses that some of these violations may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity;
3. Demands that all parties immediately cease all attacks against civilians, as well as the indiscriminate employment of weapons in populated areas, including shelling and aerial bombardment, such as the use of barrel bombs, and methods of warfare which are of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering, and recalls in this regard the obligation to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law in all circumstances, and further recalls, in particular, the obligation to distinguish between civilian populations and combatants, and the prohibition against indiscriminate attacks, and attacks against civilians and civilian objects as such;
4. Demands that all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, fully implement the provisions of the 2 October 2013 Statement by the President of the Security Council (S/PRST/2013/15) including through facilitating the expansion of humanitarian relief operations, in accordance with applicable provisions of international humanitarian law and the UN guiding principles of humanitarian emergency assistance;
5. Calls upon all parties to immediately lift the sieges of populated areas, including in the Old City of Homs (Homs), Nubl and Zahra (Aleppo), Madamiyet Elsham (Rural Damascus), Yarmouk (Damascus), Eastern Ghouta (Rural Damascus), Darayya (Rural Damascus) and other locations, and demands that all parties allow the delivery of humanitarian assistance, including medical assistance, cease depriving civilians of food and medicine indispensable to their survival, and enable the rapid, safe and unhindered evacuation of all civilians who wish to leave, and underscores the need for the parties to agree on humanitarian pauses, days of tranquillity, localised cease-fires and truces to allow humanitarian agencies safe and unhindered access to all affected areas in Syria, recalling that starvation of civilians as a method of combat is prohibited by international humanitarian law;
6. Demands that all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, promptly allow rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access for UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing partners, including across conflict lines and across borders, in order to ensure that humanitarian assistance reaches people in need through the most direct routes;
7. Urges all parties, in particular the Syrian authorities, to take all appropriate steps to facilitate the efforts of the United Nations, its specialized agencies, and all humanitarian actors engaged in humanitarian relief activities, to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to the affected people in Syria, including by promptly facilitating safe and unhindered humanitarian access to populations in need of assistance in all areas under their control, and encourages further cooperation between the United Nations, its specialized agencies and all parties concerned, including Syrian civil society organisations, to facilitate access and the delivery of assistance in the entirety of the Syrian territory;
8. Demands that all parties respect the principle of medical neutrality and facilitate free passage to all areas for medical personnel, equipment, transport and supplies, including surgical items, and recalls that under international humanitarian law, the wounded and sick must receive, to the fullest extent practicable, and with the least possible delay, medical care and attention required by their condition and that medical and humanitarian personnel, facilities and transport must be respected and protected, and expresses grave concern in this regard at the removal of medical supplies from humanitarian shipments;
9. Also demands that all parties take all appropriate steps to protect civilians, including members of ethnic, religious and confessional communities, and stresses that, in this regard, the primary responsibility to protect its population lies with the Syrian authorities;
10. Further demands that all parties demilitarize medical facilities, schools and other civilian facilities and avoid establishing military positions in populated areas and desist from attacks directed against civilian objects;
11. Strongly condemns the arbitrary detention and torture of civilians in Syria, notably in prisons and detention facilities, as well as the kidnappings, abductions and forced disappearances, and demands the immediate end of these practices and the release of all arbitrarily detained persons starting with women and children, as well as sick, wounded and elderly people and including UN personnel and journalists;
12. Urges all parties to take all appropriate steps to ensure the safety and security of United Nations personnel, those of its specialized agencies, and all other personnel engaged in humanitarian relief activities, without prejudice to their freedom of movement and access, stresses that the primary responsibility in this regard lies with the Syrian authorities and further stresses the need not to impede these efforts;
13. Stresses the need to end impunity for violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights, and reaffirms that those who have committed or are otherwise responsible for such violations and abuses in Syria must be brought to justice;
14. Strongly condemns the increased terrorist attacks resulting in numerous casualties and destruction carried out by organisations and individuals associated with Al-Qaeda, its affiliates and other terrorist groups, urges the opposition groups to maintain their rejection of these organizations and individuals which are responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law in opposition-held areas, calls upon the Syrian authorities and opposition groups to commit to combating and defeating organizations and individuals associated with Al-Qaeda, its affiliates and other terrorist groups, demands that all foreign fighters immediately withdraw from Syria, and reaffirms that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed;
15. Emphasizes that the humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate in the absence of a political solution, welcomes in this regard the Geneva Conference on Syria launched in Montreux on 22 January 2014, and demands that all parties work towards the comprehensive implementation of the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 leading to a genuine political transition that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people and enables them independently and democratically to determine their own future, and further stresses that rapid progress on a political solution should include full participation by all groups and segments of Syrian society, including women, and represents the only sustainable opportunity to resolve the situation in Syria peacefully, and that the implementation of this resolution is key to meeting the humanitarian needs of the Syrian people;
16. Urges all Member States to contribute or increase their support to the United Nations’ humanitarian appeals to meet the spiralling needs of people affected by the crisis, and to provide this support in coordination with the relevant United Nations agencies, and to ensure that all pledges are honoured in full, and further urges all Member States, based on burden sharing principles, to support the neighbouring host countries to enable them to respond to the growing humanitarian needs, including by providing direct support;
17. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the implementation of this resolution by all parties in Syria, in particular paragraphs 2 through 12, in 30 days of its adoption and every 30 days thereafter, and upon receipt of the Secretary-General’s report, expresses its intent to take further steps in the case of non-compliance with this resolution;
18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


UN Secretary-General’s remarks

I very much welcome the adoption of this resolution.
We are all keenly aware of the profound and prolonged desperation of the Syrian people.
If this resolution is implemented quickly and in good faith, at least some of the suffering can be eased.
It builds on the presidential statement adopted last year, and strengthens the Council’s engagement in protecting civilians and ensuring the delivery of relief.
The humanitarian situation in Syria continues to deteriorate. Half the country’s people need urgent assistance. Host countries need support in caring for more than 2.5 million refugees.
Civilians continue to bear the brunt of the conflict. They are the daily victims of brutal violence and indiscriminate attacks, including the use of heavy weapons, aerial bombings, mortars and car bombs in population areas.
There are continued reports of massacres and atrocities throughout the country.
Women and girls have been subjected to sexual and gender-based violence.
Syrian Government and allied militias have been responsible for countless killings, disappearances, the horrendous use of barrel bombs and torture on a massive scale.
Opposition groups have carried out summary executions, the recruitment of children for combat and the use of terror tactics in civilian areas.
Attacks against civilian infrastructure, including schools and hospitals, continue unabated.
These heinous acts are unacceptable and must stop immediately. All combatting parties in Syria must abide by their obligations under international humanitarian law.
I commend UN humanitarian personnel, the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and our other partners for their bravery and commitment.
Despite the dangerous circumstances, UN humanitarian agencies and our partners are reaching millions of people. But too many millions are beyond our reach. And funding continues to fall short; I urge the international community to step up its contributions.
This resolution should not have been necessary. Humanitarian assistance is not something to be negotiated; it is something to be allowed by virtue of international law.
Profoundly shocking to me is that both sides are besieging civilians as a tactic of war.
Some 200,000 people are under siege in government-controlled areas – and 45,000 in opposition-controlled areas.
More broadly, this resolution highlights again the urgent need to end the conflict.
While the political process continues, we will continue to do all we can to provide relief and protection to people in need on the ground.


BM Güvenlik Konseyi’nin Suriye’deki İnsani Duruma İlişkin Kararı Hk.

Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi’nin, Suriye’de vahameti her geçen gün daha da artan insani duruma ilişkin olarak bugün kabul ettiği kararı gecikmiş; ancak olumlu yönde atılmış bir adım olarak değerlendiriyoruz.

Herkes açısından bağlayıcı bir nitelik taşıyan sözkonusu karara ivedilikle işlerlik kazandırılmalıdır. Rejim, yüzbinlerce masum sivili açlık ve salgın hastalığa mahkum eden kuşatma politikasına derhal son vermeli; terör örgütleriyle işbirliği halinde ağır silahlarla yerleşim yerlerine yönelik saldırılarını sonlandırmalı; BM ve diğer ilgili kuruluşlarının özgürce, kesintisiz ve süratle insani yardım faaliyetlerinde bulunabilmelerine imkan verecek koşullar gecikmeksizin hazırlanmalıdır.

Suriye halkı son derece zor bir durumdadır. İnsani durum her geçen gün daha kötüye gitmektedir. Suriye rejiminin, bir kere daha, uluslararası toplumu kandırmasına ve oyalamasına izin verilmemelidir. Kararın uygulaması yine akim bırakıldığı takdirde, BM Güvenlik Konseyi’nin bu kez sessiz kalmaması ve metnin 17. maddesi çerçevesinde gereken önlemlerin kararlılıkla alınması gerekmektedir.

UNSC’s Resolution on the Humanitarian Situation in Syria

We consider the resolution adopted by the United Nations Security Councilon on 22 February regarding the humanitarian situation in Syria which is growing more severe every day, as a step delayed, yet taken in the right direction.

This resolution, which is binding for everyone, must be put into effect urgently. The regime must end immediately its policy of siege that forces hundreds of innocent civilians into starvation and epidemics; stop its attacks against residential areas with heavy weapons which it does in collaboration with terrorist organizations. Necessary conditions for the UN and other relevant organizations to enable them to conduct free, unimpeded and swift humanitarian assistance activities must be provided without delay.

The people of Syria are in an extremely difficult situation. Humanitarian conditions worsen by the day. The Syrian regime must not be allowed to deceive and detain the international community. If the implementation of the resolution is not achieved, this time the UN Security Council must not remain silent and necessary measures must be taken resolutely in accordance with the Article 17 of the resolution. Source/Kaynak:MFA


Résolution ONU accès humanitaire Syrie : Didier Reynders salue l’adoption par le Conseil de Sécurité des Nations unies d’une Résolution sur l’accès humanitaire en Syrie

Le Vice-Premier Ministre et Ministre des Affaires étrangères Didier Reynders se félicite de l’adoption aujourd’hui par consensus par le Conseil de Sécurité des Nations unies de la résolution 2139 sur l’accès humanitaire en Syrie.
Vu que Didier Reynders a fait du respect du droit international humanitaire une priorité, la Belgique a activement participé aux efforts internationaux visant à faciliter l’action humanitaire en Syrie après l’adoption de la déclaration présidentielle du Conseil de Sécurité du 2 octobre 2013. Le Ministre regrette que les demandes du Conseil de Sécurité soient restées sans suite. Il espère que la présente résolution, initiée par le Luxembourg, l’Australie et la Jordanie, soit cette fois mise en œuvre par les parties.
La résolution rappelle à nouveau la nécessité pour toutes les parties de respecter le droit international humanitaire et d’assurer la protection du personnel humanitaire et médical ainsi que de leurs bâtiments et moyens de transport. Elle en appelle aussi à mettre un terme à la militarisation des infrastructures médicales et des écoles et aux attaques contre celles-ci.
Le Ministre Reynders poursuivra ses efforts afin que ces développements positifs se traduisent par une amélioration réelle de la situation humanitaire sur le terrain au bénéfice immédiat de l’ensemble de la population. Il plaidera auprès de ses interlocuteurs iraniens dimanche et lundi à Téhéran pour leur pleine coopération à cet effet.
Didier Reynders espère que des progrès humanitaires contribueront à créer une certaine confiance entre les parties et ainsi faciliter la reprise des négociations de paix à Genève.

Resolutie Veiligheidsraad humanitaire toegang Syrië : Didier Reynders tevreden met resolutie Veiligheidsraad over humanitaire toegang in Syrië

Vicepremier en minister van Buitenlandse Zaken Didier Reynders is tevreden dat de Veiligheidsraad vandaag de resolutie 2139 over de humanitaire toegang in Syrië bij consensus heeft goedgekeurd.
Aangezien de naleving van het internationale humanitaire recht voor Didier Reynders een prioriteit is, heeft België deelgenomen aan internationale inspanningen. Bedoeling is het humanitaire werk in Syrië te vergemakkelijken na de presidentiele verklaring van de Veiligheidsraad van 2 oktober 2013. De minister betreurt dat de eisen van de raad zonder gevolg zijn gebleven. Hij hoopt dat de huidige resolutie, die op initiatief van Luxemburg, Australië en Jordanië, werd aangenomen, zal worden uitgevoerd.
In de resolutie staat opnieuw dat het noodzakelijk is dat alle partijen het internationale humanitaire recht naleven en dat ze het humanitaire en medische personeel en de gebouwen en het transport beschermen. De resolutie roept voorts op om te stoppen met medische voorzieningen en scholen aan te vallen en ze militair te bezetten.
Minister Reynders zal zich blijven inzetten voor een betere humanitaire toestand voor de bevolking. In Teheran zal hij zondag en maandag tijdens zijn bezoek aan Iran aan zijn gesprekspartners vragen om hiervoor samen te werken.
Didier Reynders hoopt dat vooruitgang op humanitair vlak genoeg vertrouwen kan wekken tussen de partijen, zodat de vredesonderhandelingen in Genève kunnen hervatten.


UN Security Council Resolution on Syria : Sec.Kerry’s Remarks

This could be a hinge-point in the tortured three years of a Syria crisis bereft of hope. This overdue resolution, if fully implemented, will ensure humanitarian aid reaches people in Syria whose very lives depend on it. This is all about saving innocent lives and relieving the burden on Syria’s neighboring countries.
After three years of slaughter and savagery, people rightfully will question whether progress is possible, but this resolution holds the promise of something real. The proof is on paper. By naming the areas in Syria where sieges must be lifted, demanding that hospitals, schools and other places where civilians gather must be demilitarized, insisting that aid must be allowed to cross borders and follow the most direct routes to the suffering, and by underscoring that attacks against civilians, including barrel bombing, must end, the international community hasn’t minced words. This is a resolution of concrete steps to answer the worst humanitarian crisis in the world today.
But these steps are only first steps. Just as shipments of humanitarian aid mean little without access to beleaguered areas, resolutions demanding access mean little without full implementation. The test is whether the words of the Security Council are matched with the life-saving actions the Syrian people so desperately and urgently need.


Außenminister Steinmeier: Resolution des Sicherheitsrats zur humanitären Lage in Syrien überfällig

Zur einstimmigen Annahme der Resolution durch den Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen zur humanitären Lage in Syrien erklärte Außenminister Steinmeier heute Abend (22.02) in Berlin:

„Gut, dass der Sicherheitsrat den Blick auf die humanitäre Lage in Syrien gerichtet hat. Die heutige Resolution des Sicherheitsrats war überfällig. 
Die Resolution fordert, dass die Waffen schweigen müssen und umfassender humanitärer Zugang auch über Konfliktlinien und Grenzen
hinweg zu gewähren ist.

Schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen und Verletzungen des humanitären Völkerrechts sind für die internationale Gemeinschaft inakzeptabel. Einsätze von Fassbomben und Luftangriffe sind schwere Verbrechen und müssen umgehend eingestellt werden.

Der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien lässt sich mit militärischen Mitteln nicht gewinnen, wie viel Gewalt auch immer den Menschen angetan wird. 
Dass es bislang auch in Genf nicht gelungen ist, im humanitären Bereich voranzukommen, ist eine traurige Tatsache. Dennoch dürfen wir nicht aufgeben, nach Wegen und Möglichkeiten für ein besseres Los der Menschen zu suchen.


William Hague says UN Resolution will help ensure vital humanitarian aid reaches millions of Syrians.

I welcome the unanimous adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 2139. This is a vital step towards ensuring that humanitarian aid reaches millions of Syrians in desperate need of help, including those who have been denied their basic human right to food and medical aid.
The adoption of this resolution, on the initiative of the UK and our close partners, sends a clear message that the Assad regime cannot be allowed to starve hundreds of thousands of its own people into submission.
Our priority now is the full and immediate implementation of the resolution.
I call on the Assad regime to cease the indiscriminate use of aerial bombardment across Syria, including the barbaric use of barrel bombs, and immediately adhere to the obligations set by the Security Council and allow free and unfettered access for all humanitarian agencies.
We will not hesitate to return to the Security Council if the Assad regime fails to meet the demands in this resolution.
In parallel, the UK will remain at the forefront of the international humanitarian effort. We will intensify our support, with our allies, for the Geneva II process, to bring about a political settlement of the conflict in Syria. The international community should show the same sense of unity we have seen at the Security Council today, to support the Geneva II negotiations.


Déclaration de Laurent Fabius.

Le Conseil de sécurité vient d’adopter une résolution sur l’accès humanitaire en Syrie. La France salue cette résolution à laquelle elle a beaucoup contribué. Elle contient des demandes précises : l’arrêt des violences indiscriminées contre les civils, l’arrêt immédiat notamment des tirs d’obus et des bombardements aériens, tels que l’utilisation des barils d’explosifs. Il exige que l’accès des Nations Unies et des acteurs humanitaires soit facilité, à travers les routes les plus directes, y compris depuis les pays voisins. Il demande la levée immédiate des sièges imposés aux villes, dont la majorité le sont, il faut le souligner, par les forces du régime.
Ces demandes du Conseil de sécurité doivent être suivies d’effet. La résolution prévoit un mécanisme de suivi pour s’en assurer, et l’adoption de mesures additionnelles si aucune amélioration significative n’est constatée.
La France prendra toute sa part à ces efforts pour qu’enfin le régime, qui jusqu’ici le refusait, respecte le travail des acteurs humanitaires et des agences des Nations Unies en faveur de la population syrienne.


Комментарий официального представителя МИД России А.К.Лукашевича в связи с принятием резолюции Совета Безопасности ООН по гуманитарной ситуации в Сирии

22 февраля Совет Безопасности ООН единогласно принял резолюцию по гуманитарной ситуации в Сирии.
Российская Федерация проголосовала за данное решение СБ с учетом того, что в процессе согласования текста соавторы учли наши принципиальные поправки. В результате в резолюции в сбалансированном виде возлагается ответственность как на власти САР, так и оппозиционные группировки за обеспечение гражданского населения гуманитарной помощью и сотрудничество с международными гуманитарными агентствами. В резолюции не содержится каких-либо угроз санкционного принуждения.
Главную задачу принятой резолюции видим в том, чтобы обеспечить оздоровление гуманитарной обстановки в Сирии и облегчить доступ гумсодействия сирийскому населению. Все стороны должны в этом сотрудничать с международными гуманитарными агентствами.
Резолюция подтверждает – и мы на этом настаивали в ходе работы над текстом, – что гуманитарные усилия в САР будут предприниматься в соответствии с Руководящими принципами ООН оказания чрезвычайной гумпомощи. В полной мере данное положение относится и к требованиям резолюции о доставке гумсодействия через линии конфронтации и через границы с сопредельными странами. Это означает, что при осуществлении такого рода операций должен соблюдаться суверенитет Сирии и учитываться мнение ее правительства.
Исходим из того, что Генсекретарь ООН будет руководствоватъся упомянутыми принципами при составлении своих докладов Совету Безопасности и объективно освещать выполнение резолюции как сирийскими властями, так и оппозицией. Еще раз подчеркиваем, что беспристрастный, деполитизированный, объективный подход, который лежит в основе деятельности ООН, – ключевая предпосылка результативности гуманитарных усилий.
По инициативе Российской Федерации в резолюцию включен сильный антитеррористический блок, который сформулирован в соответствии с декларацией глав государств “восьмерки” в JIox-Эрне в июне 2013 года. Сирийские власти и оппозиционные группы должны объединить усилия с целью искоренения терроризма в Сирии.
Принципиально значение имеют положения резолюции о том, что оздоровление гуманитарной обстановки в САР, равно как и преодоление других сирийских проблем, вызванных продолжительным и кровопролитным конфликтом в стране, возможно исключительно в рамках всеобъемлющего политического урегулирования через обеспечение устойчивого процесса межсирийских переговоров на основе всеобъемлющего выполнения Женевского коммюнике. Стержневой тезис данного документа – решения по всем фундаментальным вопросам должны приниматься самими сирийцами на основе взаимного согласия. Безальтернативность такого подхода подтверждается историческим опытом, который свидетельствует, что внешнее вмешательство во внутренние дела и навязывание им готовых рецептов урегулирования не только не ведет к стабилизации обстановки, но и обостряет существующие проблемы.
Призываем все вовлеченные государства добросовестно и без двойных стандартов содействовать межсирийскому политическому процессу, старт которому был дан на Международной конференции в Монтрё.


Kristalina Georgieva, the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response, issued the following statement today:

I have just learnt of the adoption of a UN Security Council Resolution on the humanitarian situation in Syria, which I wholeheartedly welcome. The horrific plight of the Syrian people has finally been recognised by the international community, and this will hopefully be a turning point while awaiting a political solution to the crisis.
There are now nearly a million refugees in Lebanon; 600,000 in Turkey and nearly the same number in Jordan, with 222,000 registered refugees in Iraq. There are more than nine million people in need of assistance inside Syria and it is estimated that more than 6.5 million have been driven from their homes and displaced inside the country. More than three million live in areas where the conflict is intense and relief aid does not reach them regularly, or in some cases not at all. Over almost three years every person behind these abstract statistics has been betrayed.
It now remains for this Resolution to be translated into action on the ground and for all the parties to the conflict to respect International Humanitarian Law. The EU and its Member States is collectively the biggest contributor to the global aid effort, but funds mean nothing to people who cannot be reached. Despite our continued efforts to open up humanitarian access in Syria since the onset of this crisis the results have been insufficient. It remains crucial to ensure rapid and unimpeded access to all those in need. I sincerely hope that this Resolution will at last facilitate safe, unhindered and immediate access to all people in need, including across conflict lines and borders.

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