EP Report: EU-Turkey relations…


Judicial reform, Violence against women, Southern neighbourhood and Syria, Settling the Kurdish issue, Cyprus…
ep_afet

***

EP AFET members call for renewed engagement from both sides

21-03-2013 – Renewed mutual engagement is needed to maintain constructive relations between the EU and Turkey, said the Foreign Affairs Committee in a vote on Thursday. In their resolution, on the 2012 progress report on Turkey, MEPs praise talks which might help settle the Kurdish issue and call for negotiations to be opened on the judiciary, fundamental rights and home affairs.

The committee commends the Commission and Turkey for their work on the “positive agenda” launched in May 2012 to support and complement the accession negotiations. Through mutual engagement and clear objectives, the EU and Turkey can produce positive change and needed reforms, it says.

Judicial Reform

Reforming Turkey’s judicial system is vital to its democratic consolidation and modernisation, MEPs stress. While welcoming the third judicial reform package, they insist that a fourth package is needed to narrow excessively broad, definitions of criminal offences, particularly of the act of terrorism, shorten excessively long pre-trial detention periods and circumscribe the powers of special courts.

MEPs underline that introducing benchmarks would accelerate the reform process and call on the Council to open negotiations on the judiciary and fundamental rights (chapter 23) and justice, freedom and security (chapter 24).

Violence against women

The committee welcomes Turkey’s efforts to end “honour killing”, domestic violence and the phenomenon of forced marriages and child brides but is concerned that despite these efforts, violence against women is still regularly reported. Those failing to protect and assist victims must be prosecuted, MEPs insist and call for active promotion of women’s rights, education and participation in the labour market and politics.
Southern neighbourhood and Syria

Turkey and the EU should cooperate more closely in the southern neighbourhood, which is critically important for both, MEPs say. They encourage Turkey to develop its foreign policy in closer dialogue and coordination with the EU than in 2012. Beyond humanitarian assistance to the increasing number of Syrian refugees, Turkey and the EU should develop joint strategic vision allowing for the end of the tragic crisis in Syria, MEPs underline.

Settling the Kurdish issue

MEPs welcome direct political dialogue between the Turkish government and former PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan. This might open up the prospect of an historic agreement settling the Kurdish conflict in a peaceful and democratic way, they stress. The text also welcomes new legislation allowing for the use of native languages in trials, as well as discussion on the use of Kurdish in education.

Next steps

The resolution, prepared by Ria Oomen-Ruijten (EPP, NL) and passed by 54 votes to 4, with 8 abstentions, is set to be put to a vote by the whole House in Strasbourg during the 15-18 April plenary session

Relations UE-Turquie: les députés demandent un nouvel engagement des 2 parties

Un engagement réciproque renouvelé est nécessaire en vue de maintenir des relations constructives entre l’UE et la Turquie, a déclaré la commission des affaires étrangères lors d’un vote, ce jeudi. Dans leur résolution, sur le rapport de suivi 2012 concernant la Turquie, les députés saluent les pourparlers qui pourraient contribuer à résoudre la question kurde et demandent l’ouverture des négociations sur les questions judiciaires, intérieures et liées aux droits fondamentaux.

La commission parlementaire félicite la Commission européenne et la Turquie pour leur travail sur le lancement d’un “programme constructif” en mai 2012 en guise de soutien et de complément aux négociations d’adhésion. Par le biais d’un engagement réciproque et d’objectifs clairs, l’UE et la Turquie peuvent amener des changements positifs et mettre en œuvre les réformes nécessaires, affirme la commission.

Réforme de la justice

Réformer le système judiciaire turc est indispensable pour la consolidation de la démocratie et la modernisation du pays, soulignent les députés. Tout en saluant le troisième paquet de réforme de l’appareil judiciaire, ils insistent sur le fait qu’un quatrième paquet est nécessaire en vue de restreindre les définitions excessivement larges des infractions pénales, en particulier concernant le terrorisme, de réduire les périodes anormalement longues de détention préventive avant un procès et de limiter les pouvoirs des tribunaux d’exception.Les députés soulignent que l’introduction de critères accélèrerait le processus de réforme et appellent le Conseil à ouvrir les négociations concernant la justice et les droits fondamentaux (chapitre 23) et la justice, les libertés et la sécurité (chapitre 24).

Violence à l’égard des femmes

La commission parlementaire salue les efforts de la Turquie en vue de mettre un terme aux “crimes d’honneur”, à la violence domestique et au phénomène des mariages forcés et des filles mariées. Toutefois, elle s’inquiète du fait que, malgré ces efforts, des cas de violence à l’encontre des femmes soient régulièrement notifiés. Les responsables qui ne parviennent pas à protéger et aider les victimes doivent être poursuivis, insistent les députés. Ils demandent, en outre, de promouvoir activement les droits, l’éducation et la participation des femmes sur le marché du travail et en politique.
Voisinage méridional et Syrie

La Turquie et l’UE devraient coopérer plus étroitement dans le voisinage méridional, qui est d’une importance capitale pour les deux parties, affirment les députés. Ils encouragent la Turquie à développer sa politique étrangère dans le cadre d’un dialogue et d’une coordination renforcés avec l’UE par rapport à 2012. Au-delà de l’aide humanitaire au nombre croissant de réfugiés syriens, la Turquie et l’UE devraient développer une vision stratégique commune afin de mettre un terme à la crise tragique en Syrie, soulignent les députés.

Résoudre la question kurde

Les députés ont salué le dialogue politique direct entre le gouvernement turc et l’ancien dirigeant du PKK, Abdullah Öcalan. Ce dialogue pourrait ouvrir la voie à un accord historique réglant de manière pacifique et démocratique le conflit kurde, soulignent-ils. Le texte se félicite également de la nouvelle législation permettant l’utilisation de la langue maternelle dans les procès et salue les débats sur l’usage du kurde dans l’enseignement.

Prochaines étapes

La résolution, rédigée par Ria Oomen-Ruijten (PPE, NL) et adoptée par 54 voix pour, 4 voix contre et 8 abstentions, devrait être mise aux voix en plénière lors de la session des 15-18 avril à Strasbourg.

European Parliament resolution on the 2012 Progress Report on Turkey

Other languages:

bg cs da de el es et fi fr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv

Amendments – part I :

bg cs da de el es et fi fr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv

Amendments – part II :

bg cs da de el es et fi fr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv

The European Parliament,

– having regard to the Commission 2012 Progress Report on Turkey (SWD(2012)0336),

– having regard to the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council entitled ‘Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2012-2013’

(COM(2012)0600),

– having regard to its previous resolutions, in particular of 9 March 2011 on Turkey’s 2010 progress report1, of 29 March 2012 on Turkey’s 2011 progress report2, and of 22 May

2012 on a 2020 perspective for women in Turkey3,

– having regard to the Negotiating Framework for Turkey of 3 October 2005,

– having regard to Council Decision 2008/157/EC of 18 February 2008 on the principles, priorities and conditions contained in the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey4 (“the Accession Partnership”), as well as to the previous Council decisions on the Accession Partnership of 2001, 2003 and 2006,

– having regard to the Council conclusions of 14 December 2010, 5 December 2011 and 11 December 2012,

– having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

– having regard to the fact that accession negotiations with Turkey were opened on 3 October 2005 after the Council had approved the Negotiating Framework, and that the opening of such negotiations is the starting point for a long-lasting and open-ended process based on fair and rigorous conditionality and the commitment to reform,

– having regard to the fact that Turkey has committed itself to reforms, good neighbourly relations and progressive alignment with the EU, and that these efforts should be viewed as an opportunity for Turkey itself to continue to modernise, and consolidate and further improve its democratic institutions, the rule of law and the observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

– having regard to the fact that the EU should remain the benchmark for reforms in Turkey,

– having regard to the fact that full compliance with the Copenhagen criteria and EU integration capacity, in accordance with the conclusions of the December 2006 European Council meeting, remain the basis for accession to the EU, which is a community based on shared values, sincere cooperation and mutual solidarity amongst all its Member States,

– having regard to the fact that the positive agenda was launched in May 2012 to support and complement the negotiations through enhanced cooperation in a number of areas of joint interest,

– having regard to the fact that in its conclusions of 11 December 2012 the Council endorsed the Commission’s new approach to place the rule of law at the heart of the enlargement policy and confirmed the centrality in the negotiating process of chapter 23

on judiciary and fundamental rights and chapter 24 on justice, freedom and security, which should be tackled early in the negotiations to allow clear benchmarks and maximum time to establish the necessary legislation, institutions and solid track records of implementation,

– having regard to the fact that in its 2012 Enlargement Strategy the Commission concluded that, for its economy, strategic location and important regional role, Turkey is a key country for the European Union and that the accession process remains the most suitable framework for promoting EU-related reforms in Turkey; having regard to the fact that the Commission expressed concern regarding Turkey’s lack of progress on the fulfilment of

the political criteria,

– having regard to the fact that Turkey has still not implemented, for the seventh consecutive year, the provisions stemming from the EC-Turkey Association Agreement and the Additional Protocol thereto,

– having regard to the fact that there is an economic interdependence between the European Union and Turkey with trade between the EU and Turkey totalling EUR 120 billion in

2011,

– having regard to the fact that the EU is Turkey’s largest trading partner and Turkey is the EU’s sixth largest trading partner; having regard to the fact that foreign direct investment

by EU Member States in Turkey amounted to 75%,

– having regard to the Commission’s assessment that in the area of economic policy Turkey’s overall level of preparedness is advanced and that the capacity for economic policy formulation and coordination is adequate,

– having regard to Turkey’s potential to play a pivotal role in diversifying energy resources and routes for oil and gas transit from neighbouring countries to the EU,

– having regard to the fact that EU dialogue and cooperation with Turkey on stability, democracy and security with particular reference to the broader Middle East are strategic; having regard to the fact that Turkey strongly and repeatedly condemned the Syrian regime’s violence against civilians and provides vital humanitarian assistance to Syrians fleeing violence across the border,

– having regard to the need for Turkey and Armenia to proceed to a normalisation of their relations by ratifying, without preconditions, the protocols and by opening the border,

– having regard to the casus belli threat declared by the TGNA against Greece in 1995, which should be withdrawn; having regard to the importance of a new round of talks between Turkey and Greece to improve their relations,

Constructive dialogue and common understanding

1. Commends the Commission and Turkey for the implementation of the positive agenda, which proves how, in a context of mutual engagement and clear objectives, Turkey and

the EU could advance their dialogue, achieve common understanding and produce positive change; believes that a renewed mutual engagement in the context of the negotiation process is needed to maintain a constructive relationship; stresses the importance of creating the conditions for a constructive dialogue and the foundations for a common understanding;

2. Stresses Turkey’s strategic role, politically and geographically, for the foreign policy of the EU and its neighbourhood policy; recognises Turkey’s role as an important regional player and calls on the EU and Turkey to further reinforce their existing political dialogue on foreign policy choices and objectives; regrets that the alignment of Turkey with CFSP declarations continued to be low in 2012; encourages Turkey to develop its foreign policy in the framework of dialogue and coordination with the EU;

3. Welcomes the Council decision to invite the Commission to take steps towards visa liberalisation as a gradual and long term perspective, in parallel with the signature of the readmission agreement; urges Turkey to sign and implement the readmission agreement without further delay and to ensure that, until this agreement enters into force, existing bilateral agreements are fully implemented; recalls that Turkey is one of the key transit

countries for illegal migration to the EU and underlines the need to intensify cooperation with the EU on migration management, the fight against human trafficking and border controls; stresses once again the importance of facilitating access to the EU for business people, academics, students and representatives of civil society from Turkey; supports the efforts of the Commission and the Member States to implement the visa code, harmonise

and simplify visa requirements and create visa facilitating centres in Turkey; Reminds the Member States of their commitments under the association agreement in line with the Soysal Ruling of the European Court of Justice of 19 February 2009;

Fulfilling the Copenhagen criteria

4. Commends the Constitution Conciliation Committee for its commitment to a new Constitution and for the inclusive process of consultation of civil society, which reflected the diversity of Turkish society; encourages the Committee to continue its work and to tackle in a collegial way, and in line with the values of the EU, key issues such as (i) the separation of power and an adequate system of checks and balances, (ii) relations between

the State, society and religion, (iii) an inclusive system of governance securing the basic rights of all citizens and (iv) an inclusive concept of citizenship;

5. Stresses the need for progress in implementing the 2010 constitutional amendments, in particular the adoption of laws on the protection of personal data and military justice;

6. Reaffirms the fundamental role of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TGNA) as the centre of Turkey’s democratic system and stresses the importance of support and commitment amongst all political parties for the reform process, in particular a valuable

legal framework protecting and enhancing fundamental rights for all communities; commends the work of the Human Rights Inquiry Committee and asks for a more central role of the EU Harmonisation Committee to promote the alignment of new legislation with the acquis or with European standards during the legislative process;

7. Welcomes the third judicial reform package as a step towards a comprehensive reform process in the area of the judiciary and fundamental rights; stresses however the crucial importance to continue the reform process with a fourth judicial reform package

addressing (a) the issues related to the excessively broad definitions of criminal offences under the Criminal Law or the Anti-Terror Law, with the urgent need to introduce a clear

distinction between the promotion of terrorism and the incitement to violence and the expression of non-violent ideas, in order to safeguard freedom of expression, (b) the issue of the excessively long pre-trial detention periods, and (c) the need to allow full access to the prosecution file for defence lawyers;

8. Encourages Turkey to adopt the Human Rights Action Plan as prepared by the Ministry of Justice, in cooperation with the Council of Europe, based on the case law of the European

Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in order to address issues raised in judgements of the ECtHR where Turkey was found to violate the provisions of the European Convention on

Human Rights (ECHR); supports the Ministry of Justice and the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HCoJP) in providing judges and prosecutors with human rights training; welcomes the establishment by the HCoJP of new assessment criteria for judges and prosecutors rewarding respect for the provisions of the ECHR and judgements of the ECtHR;

9. Recalls that freedom of expression and media pluralism are core European values and that a truly democratic society requires true freedom of expression, including the right of dissent; underlines the importance of abolishing legislation providing for

disproportionately high fines on the media, leading in some cases to their closure or to self-censorship, and the urgent need to reform the internet law;

10. Fully supports the Commission’s new approach to open the chapters on the judiciary and fundamental rights and on justice and home affairs early on in the negotiation process and to close them as the very last ones; stresses that official benchmarks would provide a clear roadmap and would give a boost to the reform process; calls therefore on the Council for renewed efforts for the opening of Chapters 23 and 24;

11. Welcomes the Law on the Ombudsman and the appointment of a first Head Ombudsman, who shall ensure the credibility of this institution through his decisions; stresses that the

establishment of the Ombudsman is an important step in safeguarding the rights of citizens and ensuring accountability of the public administration; calls on the board of the Ombudsman that the regulation on the internal decision-making process guarantees the independence of the institution;

12. Encourages Turkey to continue the process of civilian oversight over security forces; calls for an amendment of the Law on Provincial Administrations to give civilian authorities broader oversight of military operations and the Gendarmerie’s law enforcement activities; stresses the importance of setting up an independent law enforcement complaints Agency to investigate complaints of human rights abuses, ill-treatment and possible wrongdoing by Turkish law enforcement agencies; takes the view that the legal provisions on the composition and powers of the Supreme Military Council need to be reformed;

13. Notes that, in the ‘sledgehammer’ trial a first instance court sentenced 324 suspects to  20 years; stresses that investigations of alleged coup plans, such as the ‘Ergenekon’ and ‘Sledgehammer’ cases, must demonstrate the strength and the proper, independent, impartial and transparent functioning of Turkish democratic institutions and the judiciary, and their firm, unconditional commitment to respect for fundamental rights; is concerned about the allegations regarding the use of inconsistent evidence; regrets that these cases have been overshadowed by concerns about their wide scope and the shortcomings in the

proceedings;

14. Welcomes the law setting up the Turkish National Human Rights Institution (TNHRI); calls for its implementation without delay to promote and monitor the effective implementation of international human rights standards; stresses the importance of using all EU instruments available in the field of the promotion of human rights to actively support the setting-up and the well functioning of the TNHRI and the empowerment of civil society organisations;

15. Welcomes the Law on the protection of family and prevention of violence against women; commends the National Action Plan to combat Violence against Women (2012-2015) and stresses the need to enforce it effectively nationwide; calls on the Ministry for Family and Social Policies to continue its efforts to increase the number and quality of shelters for women and minors in danger; stresses the importance to provide women who have been victims of violence with concrete alternatives and self-sustainment prospects; urges Turkey to continue to step up its preventive efforts at all levels in the fight against “honour killings”, domestic violence and the phenomenon of forced marriages and child brides; calls on the Ministry to continue to actively promote women’s participation in the labour market, which remains low, in politics and at senior level in the administration and the private sector, if necessary by foreseeing reserved quotas;

16. Stresses the urgent need for comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation and the establishment of an anti-discrimination and equality board to protect individuals against

discrimination based on ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation or sexual identity; calls on Turkey to adopt an action plan to promote the full equality of rights and full acceptance of LGBT persons;

17. Welcomes the continued implementation of legislation amending the 2008 law on foundations and broadening the scope of the restoration of the property rights of non- Muslim communities; calls on the relevant authorities to assist the Syriac community in clarifying the difficulties faced with property and land registration; calls for a solution for the large number of properties of the Latin Catholic Church which remain confiscated by the State; recalls the urgent need to continue vital and substantial reform in the area of freedom of thought, conscience and religion, in particular by enabling religious communities to obtain legal personality, by eliminating all restrictions on the training, appointment and succession of clergy, by recognising Alevi places of worships and by complying with the relevant judgments of the ECtHR and the recommendations of the

Venice Commission; calls on Turkey to ensure that the Saint Gabriel monastery is not deprived of its lands, and that it is protected in its entirety;

18. Notes that Turkey continued to demonstrate resilience at the terrorist attacks by the PKK; calls on Turkey to invest renewed efforts towards a political solution to the Kurdish issue; asks all political forces to ensure an adequate political platform and to debate in a constructive way the Kurdish issue and to facilitate a real opening to the claims for basic rights in the Constitutional process; asks all political forces to work in alliance towards the

goal of reinforced political dialogue and a process of further political, cultural and socioeconomic inclusion and participation of citizens of Kurdish origin, in order to guarantee the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly and promote the peaceful inclusion of citizens of Kurdish origin into Turkish society; recalls that a political solution can only be built upon a truly democratic debate on the Kurdish issue and expresses

concern at the large number of cases launched against writers and journalists writing on the Kurdish issue and the arrest of several Kurdish politicians, mayors and members ofmunicipal councils, trade unionists, lawyers, protestors and human rights defenders in

connection with the KCK trial; underlines the importance of promoting a discussion of the Kurdish issue within the democratic institutions, particularly the TGNA;

19. Welcomes the incentives package seeking to increase investment and economic development in the least developed regions of Turkey, including the South East and the continuation of the South East Anatolia project;

20. Reiterates the need to strengthen cohesion among Turkish regions and between rural and urban areas to open opportunities for the population at large and promote economic and social inclusion; highlights the particular role of education and the need to tackle persistent and substantial regional disparities in the quality of education and enrolment rates; calls for steps conducive to the opening of Chapter 22 on Regional Policy;

21. Is concerned about the disproportionally high poverty rate among children, particularly in rural areas; stresses the need for a comprehensive strategy to combat child poverty and labour and promote access to education; welcomes the establishment of an Ombudsperson for children’s rights and the adoption of Turkey’s first strategy on the rights of the child; is concerned that the number of active juvenile justice courts has decreased and urges

Turkey to provide alternatives to detention for minors; recalls the importance of independent monitoring and protection mechanisms to protect rights and prevent abuse;

Building good neighbourly relations

22. Deeply regrets Turkey’s decision to abstain from meetings and contacts with the Cypriot Presidency of the Council of the EU and takes the view that Turkey missed an important

opportunity to start a process of engagement and normalisation of relations with Cyprus; recalls that the EU is based on the principles of sincere cooperation and mutual solidarity amongst all its Member States and respect for the institutional framework;

23. Expresses once again its strong support to the reunification of Cyprus, based on a fair and viable settlement for both communities; underlines the urgency of an agreement between

the two communities on how to proceed with the substantive settlement negotiations, so that the negotiating process, under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General, can soon regain momentum; calls on Turkey to begin withdrawing its forces from Cyprus and transfer Famagusta to the UN in accordance with UNSC Resolution 550 (1984); calls, in  parallel, on the Republic of Cyprus to open the port of Famagusta under EU customs

supervision in order to promote a positive climate for the successful solution of the ongoing reunification negotiations and allow Turkish Cypriots to trade directly in a legal manner that is acceptable to all;

24. Encourages Turkey to intensify its support for the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus;

25. Stresses the importance of a coherent and comprehensive security approach in the Eastern Mediterranean and calls on Turkey to allow political dialogue between the EU and NATO

by lifting its veto on EU-NATO cooperation including Cyprus, and consequently calls on the Republic of Cyprus to lift its veto on Turkey’s participation in the European Defence Agency;

Advancing EU-Turkey cooperation

26. Deplores Turkey’s refusal to fulfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the Additional Protocol to the EC-Turkey Association Agreement towards all Member States; recalls that this refusal continues to deeply affect the process of negotiations;

27. Reiterates its condemnation, in the strongest terms, of the continuing terrorist violence by the PKK, which is on the EU list of terrorist organisations, and expresses its full solidarity to Turkey and to the families of the many victims; calls on the Member States, in close coordination with the EU counter terrorism coordinator and Europol, to intensify cooperation with Turkey in the fight against terrorism and organised crime as a source of financing of terrorism; calls on Turkey to adopt a data protection law and legislation on the financing of terrorism so that a cooperation agreement can be concluded with Europol

and judicial cooperation with Eurojust and with the EU Member States can further develop; takes the view that the assignment of a police liaison officer to Europol would help improve bilateral cooperation;

28. Supports Turkey’s commitment to democratic forces in Syria and the provision of humanitarian assistance to Syrians who fled the country; asks the Commission, the Member States and the international community to support Turkey’s efforts to cope with the growing humanitarian dimension of the Syrian crisis; underlines the importance of a common understanding between the EU and Turkey on how to deliver the available humanitarian assistance to the displaced Syrians currently on Turkish territory or waiting at its borders;

29. Welcomes the decision to enhance cooperation between the EU and Turkey on a number of important energy issues and calls on Turkey to commit to this cooperation; believes that, in view of Turkey’s strategic role, initial consideration should be given to the value of opening negotiations on Chapter 15 on energy with a view to furthering the EU-Turkey strategic dialogue on energy;

30. Calls on the Commission to continue its support to civil society organisations and peopleto-

people activities through an adequate funding of the Civil Society Dialogue, the EIDHR and Life Long Learning programmes, including culture- and media-related

31. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the HR/VP, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, the President of the European

Court of Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Government and Parliament of the Republic of Turkey.

Reactions (will maybe updated throughout the day:

2013 is a crucial year

2013 will prove to be a crucial year for EU-Turkey relations in which we need to maintain and further develop our constructive relationship in an atmosphere of common understanding and mutual respect. To this end, a renewed engagement in the context of the negotiation process is needed. This is the main conclusion by Ria Oomen-Ruijten MEP on the basis of her latest Resolution on Turkey which was adopted by a large majority in the European Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee today.
Ria Oomen-Ruijten stressed that efforts from both sides are required in this respect: “For Turkey, we underline the importance of further judicial reform that must lead to a modern, efficient, fully independent and impartial judicial system. The third judicial reform package was an important step. But it is crucial to continue the reform process this year and address issues related to the excessively broad definitions of terrorism in criminal law and in anti-terror law. Fundamental freedoms must be protected in the broader context of the rule of law, not only in terms of wording, but also in the application of the law. If Turkey develops into a modern and prosperous society, this will be beneficial for Turkish citizens, and also for the EU.”
“Turkey needs to step up its efforts and the EU should do its utmost to assist in this process. Official benchmarks would provide a clear roadmap and would give a boost to the reform process. In this regard, renewed efforts for the opening of chapters 23 and 24 would be very important. However, energy is also an important area of cooperation between the EU and Turkey, and the opening of the negotiation chapter on energy could prove beneficial for both Turkey and the EU”, Ria Oomen-Ruijten stated.
2013 will be an important year not only in terms of EU-Turkey relations, but also with regards to the Kurdish issue and the new constitution. The Resolution welcomes the dialogue between the Turkish Government and Abdullah Öcalan. These talks could lead to an historical agreement settling the Kurdish conflict in a peaceful and democratic way and we therefore encourage the conflicting parties to transform talks into structured negotiations as soon as possible. All political parties, media and civil society in Turkey must play a constructive role for the peace process to succeed.
Also, the ongoing work on the constitution is a very important opportunity in this regard. The relevant committee should be encouraged to continue its work and tackle, in line with the values of the EU, key issues such as the separation of powers, relations between the state, society and religion, basic rights of all citizens and an inclusive concept of citizenship. Involvement of, and dialogue with the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe, would produce positive results and support the Constitutional process.

***

Avrupa Parlamentosu´nun Hollanda İşçi Partili (PvdA) sosyal demokrat milletvekili Emine Bozkurt, bugün Dışişleri Komitesi´nde kabul edilen Türkiye raporunu değerlendirdi.

Bu seneki Türkiye raporunun geçmişe değil, daha çok geleceğe bir bakış olduğunu söyleyen Bozkurt, raporun genelinde ve ayrı ayrı maddelerde Avrupa Parlamentosu´nun Türkiye´nin AB üyelik müzakerelerinde ilerleme kaydetmesi isteğinin açıkça okunabildiğini dile getirdi.

Raporda müzakerelerin yargı ve temel haklara ilişkin 23. faslı ile adalet, özgürlük ve güvenlik alanındaki 24. faslının açılması konusunda bir destek de yer aldığını belirten Bozkurt, bunun özellikle 4. yargı reformu paketi alanındaki gelişmeler konusunda önemli olduğunu dile getirdi. Raporda, Türkiye ve AB arasında enerji konusundaki işbirliğini ilerletme kararı desteklenerek Avrupa Birliği tarafına Enerji konusundaki 15. faslın açılmasına öncelik vermesi de önerildi. Bunun yanısıra bölgesel politikaya ilişkin 22. faslın açılması konusunda adımlar atılması gerektiği de raporda dile getirildi. En azından dört faslın açılması konusunda adımlar atılması gereğinin raporda yer almış olması Avrupa Parlamentosu´nun müzakerelerde ilerleme görmek istediğinin ve bu konuda Türkiye´yi desteklediğinin en açık göstergesi.

Raporda Türkiye´de Kürt meselesine ilişkin yaşanan barışçıl ve demokratik sürecin tarihi bir anlaşmaya dönüşeceği umudunun altı çizilerek bu konuda tüm taraflara, medyaya ve sivil topluma görev düştüğü belirtiliyor.

Türkiye´deki reform sürecinin desteklendiği ancak basın özgürlüğü konusunda yaşanan sorunlar gibi eksikliklerin de doğal olarak dile getirildiği raporda Emine Bozkurt´un değişiklik önerileri doğrultusunda geniş kapsamlı bir nefret suçları yasasına olan ihtiyaç ve yıllardır adalet mücadelesi veren yeşil sermaye mağdurlarının haklarına kavuşmaları için gereken önlemlerin alınması gereği raporda yerini aldı.

Türkiye´de kadın hakları raportörü olan Emine Bozkurt´un bu seneki rapora kadın hakları ile ilgili de katkıları oldu. Emine Bozkurt´un tüm önlemlere rağmen kadına karşı şiddetin azalmadığı vurgusu yapıp bu nedenle koruma görevini yerine getirmeyen mercilere karşı inceleme başlatılması isteği ve de Türkiye´nin 2023 senesi için kadın istihdamı hedefini %35´ten Avrupa Birliği hedefi olan %75´e çıkarması konusu bu seneki raporda yer buldu. Bunun yanısıra Anayasa´da 2010 senesinde yapılan değişiklikle pozitif ayrımcılığın anayasaya aykırı olmadığı belirlendikten sonra bu anayasal prensibin yasalarla uygulanmasına ilişkin önerisi de oylanarak kabul edildi.

Bugün komiteden geçen Türkiye raporu, nisan ayındaki Genel Kurul´da oylanarak Avrupa Parlamentosu ilke kararına dönüşecek.

Türkan Ertuna Lagrand
Policy Advisor to Emine Bozkurt

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: