Vize kolaylığı – Kıbrıs gerginliği – ABD ziyareti (en-tr)

Avrupa Komisyonu´nun Içişlerinden sorumlu üyesi Cecilia Malmström bugün (dün-28 Eylül 2011) Türkiye AB Karma Parlamento Komisyonu´nun Strazburg´daki toplantısında Türkler için vize kolaylığı sağlanacağını duyurdu.


Malmström, vize kolaylığının içerik olarak çoklu giriş vizeleri verilmesi, vize başvurularında daha az belge istenmesi, vize harçlarının düşürülmesi, Türkiye´nin çeşitli yerlerinde vize başvuruları için merkezler kurulması ve öğrencilerle iş adamları gibi bazı gruplar için kolaylaştırılmış vize prosedürleri uygulanması gibi konuları içereceğini anlattı.


Karma Parlamento Komisyonu´nun toplantısında hazır bulunan Avrupa Parlamentosu milletvekili Emine Bozkurt, gelişmelerin mutluluk verici olduğunu ve Türkiye´nin Avrupa Birliği´nden ne zamandır haklı olarak beklediği iyi niyet göstergesi olarak algılanması gerektiğini dile getirdi. Bozkurt, Malmström´ün vize kolaylığı sağlanacağı konusundaki kesin açıklamalarının somut vize müzakerelerine dönüşmesi gerektiğini söyledi.


Konuşmasında yıllardır gümrük birliğine dayalı olarak Türk mallarının serbestçe AB´ye giriş yaptığını ama bu malların sahiplerinin bu imkana sahip olmadığını ve bundan kaynaklanan sorunları dile getiren Bozkurt, ´Avrupa´da yapacağı milyonlarca avroluk yatırımla ilgili toplantılara katılmak isteyen Türk işadamlarının vize alamadığına, üç günlük konferanslarda konuşmacı olarak katılacak Türk uzmanlara sadece üç günlük vize verildiğine şahit olduk´ dedi. Ortaklık Anlaşması hakkındaki tartışmaların şu ana dek Türk vatandaşlarının haklarından çok Türkiye´nin yükümlülüklerine yoğunlaştığına dikkat çeken Bozkurt, vize kolaylığı anlaşmasının artık Türk vatandaşlarının Ortaklık Anlaşması´ndan doğan haklarını da gündeme taşıyacağını söyledi.


Avrupa ile Türkiye arasında günümüzde yaşanmakta olan sorunların AB vatandaşları ile Türklerin birbirini yeterince tanımamasından kaynaklandığı saptamasını da yapan Bozkurt, vize kolaylığının dolaylı olarak Türkiye-AB ilişkilerine de olumlu katkı yapacağına inandığını dile getirdi. Bozkurt, bundan sonraki adımın sınır kapılarının yönetimi, terörle mücadele gibi konularda AB ile işbirliğinin geliştirilmesi olacağını söyleyerek sözlerine son verdi.



Štefan Füle European Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Intervention on Turkey-Cyprus in the European Parliament European Parliament Plenary Session Strasbourg – 27 September 2011


Distinguished Members of the European Parliament,

As soon as tensions appeared over this issue, we have been following developments very closely and with increasing concern.

The High Representative and I made it very clear right from the start: threats are not an option when it comes to solve problems between neighbours. Disputes need to be settled by peaceful means. This is a guiding principle in international relations and in the European Union. We regret and refuse any statement or action that run counter to this approach.

Moreover, as the Council has stressed on several occasions, our Member States have the sovereign right to conclude bilateral agreements with third countries, in accordance with the European Union acquis and international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Let me recall that under international law the European Union and its Member States only recognise the Republic of Cyprus on the island. The EU has also repeatedly underlined the importance of progress in the normalisation of relations between Turkey and all European Union Member States, including the Republic of Cyprus.

I firmly believe that Turkey and the European Union have much more to gain through integration and dialogue than through tensions, especially at a time where the stakes in the region – following the Arab Spring – are so high. Turkey and the European Union need to support jointly the aspirations of the people on the Southern flank of the Mediterranean for democracy, human rights, stability and prosperity.

The European Union is based on a number of core principles and values, including good neighbourly relations and the peaceful settlement of disputes, resorting, if necessary, to international arbitration. We are and remain committed to this approach, which is the best guarantee for peace and stability.

Be assured that both High Representative Catherine Ashton and I made all these points very clearly in our recent contacts with all our interlocutors.

At the beginning of July, the United Nations Secretary-General met the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders in Geneva. They decided to enter into an intensive period of negotiations towards a comprehensive settlement.

Since then, we have all been looking forward to a crucial phase of settlement talks in autumn and the resolution of an issue that would be to the benefit of all Cypriot citizens, the European Union, Turkey and the entire region. This phase is ongoing and I understand the leaders are intensively discussing the substance of several core pending issues.

This is a chance not to be missed under any circumstance.

I therefore urge all parties now to focus all energy, efforts and minds on the comprehensive settlement.

During this crucial ongoing phase, it is essential that all parties concerned exercise restraint and do their utmost to ensure a positive climate that will facilitate a successful completion of the process. Let us give the settlement talks the best chance to succeed.

I trust that all European Union institutions, including the European Parliament, will send the same messages and encouragement towards this end to all the parties concerned.


Assistant Secretary Jose W. Fernandez Traveling to Turkey

In Ankara, Turkey, Assistant Secretary Fernandez will lead the U.S. delegation for the seventh Turkey-United States Economic Partnership Commission (EPC), in keeping with the United States’ commitment to deepen and expand the economic engagement between the two countries. While there, he will meet with Turkish government officials and private sector leaders to discuss increased cooperation in areas such as trade, investment, pharmaceuticals, energy, agriculture, transportation, and entrepreneurship. Assistant Secretary Fernandez will participate in a meeting of the Global Entrepreneurship Program, a collaboration between the State Department and the Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey, to hear about Turkish efforts to enhance their entrepreneurial ecosystem. The Assistant Secretary will also deliver remarks to the Turkish Exporter’s Assembly on Promoting U.S.-Turkish business ties.

US Discourages Rhetoric that Would Impact a Peaceful Settlement/ US Believes the UN Mediation Role Would be Constructive on Cyprus Energy Issues/ US Wants Cyprus’ Resources Shared by Each Community/ US Wants a Resolution of Long-Standing Cyprus Issues

QUESTION: According to several news reports today, Turkish research – gas research ship and accompanying several Turkish ships as close as 80 kilometers from the American Noble Energy, where it is drilling in south of Cyprus. How do you view this tension? It’s – according to captain of the Turkish ship, is – he can see the – Noble Energy platform from where they stand. Have you raised this issue with Turkish Government recently? This just happened today.

MS. NULAND: I can’t speak to this issue that may or may not have happened today. You know where we have been on this issue. We continue to support the UN-led mediation on Cyprus, and we discourage any rhetoric or action that could negatively affect a peaceful settlement. I would note that there has recently been a request for the UN to engage in some sort of mediation on a revenue-sharing agreement for natural gas developed off of Cyprus, and we understand that the UN is considering that request, and we would consider that it would be quite constructive if the two communities could begin to work on deescalating tensions in a way similar to that.

QUESTION: Turkish side sees these gas exploration plants of the south as blocked to the direct negotiations for unification of the island. You just cited as well or indirectly as – UN position. What’s the U.S. position on these – one side’s gas drilling projects? Do you think it helps for the reunification process or it hurts?

MS. NULAND: I think we’ve spoken to this many times. We want to see a peaceful settlement of this issue under UN mediation. We want to see the island’s resources shared between the communities. We are interested in this proposal for UN mediation of revenue-sharing. Overall, though, we would like to see a de-escalation of rhetoric and tension so that the UN process can move forward in a good environment.

QUESTION: Actually, European Union officials have suggested today that this issue can go to International Court, to The Hague. Can you support this idea?

MS. NULAND: Again, we would support some sort of mediation, but we – our fundamental issue is that the – we need a resolution of these longstanding Cyprus issues under the UN’s auspices.

QUESTION: Is there any difference between UN and – European Union and U.S. approach to the issue? Because the – today, the Cyprus side has been frustrated by the approach of the European Union officials because they suggested The Hague for solution to this problem. But U.S. side has supported to Cyprus and supported these drilling activities as (inaudible) measures for the Cyprus, and it – you saw as a right of the Noble Energy in the Cyprus. Is there any differences – difference between European Union and U.S. approach to this issue?

MS. NULAND: I think if there is a dispute reconciliation resolution mechanism that could be agreed on by all concerned parties, that would ensure that the communities were able to share the resources. That would be something that we would be supportive of. But again, we’re pleased to see that people are talking about resolving this dispute peacefully, deescalating the rhetoric, and more generally, putting our energy into supporting the UN process for Cyprus reconciliation.

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