Le constat est clair et sec.


Erdogan, perdu corps et bien…

President Obama Pardons Turkey. Türkiye’de de koyunları (kurbanlıkları) affeden olsa !

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Le Premier ministre turc Erdogan a semblé s’engager d’une façon radicale dans la crise de Gaza et semblé, dans les un et deux premiers jours, devoir y jouer un rôle important. Cette impression s’est rapidement dissipée, pour être remplacée par celle d’une action d’une importance mineure, notamment au regard du rôle dirigeant de la crise qu’a tenu Morsi. Il s’agit bien entendu d’une question de perception, mais l’on comprend évidemment que cette perception joue un rôle fondamental dans cette époque dominée par la puissance du système de la communication. Au demeurant, la perception, éclairée par divers faits, reflète sans aucun doute une vérité de la situation d’Erdogan.

On donne ici, comme exemple de la situation de la perception deux sources ayant rassemblé des appréciations d’experts sur le rôle qu’a tenu Erdogan. On dispose ainsi d’un matériel de communication pour pouvoir mieux apprécier la position générale d’Erdogan, et tenter de l’expliciter. On découvre qu’Erdogan est critiqué dans tous les sens, à la fois pour avoir tenu un rôle effacé, à la fois pour n’avoir pas assez soutenu les Palestiniens et le Hamas d’une façon efficace, à la fois pour être trop anti-israélien…

• D’un côté, il y a une appréciation générale selon laquelle Erdogan s’est trouvé dans cette crise à la remorque de Morsi, tandis que son attitude durant ces quelques jours est perçue plutôt comme de la gesticulation sans beaucoup de substance. Cette appréciation est surtout sensible en Turquie même, selon un article du New York Times dont PressTV.com donne un résumé, ce 22 novembre 2012, article fait surtout de quelques citations d’experts et d’universitaires turcs.

«The analysts stressed that while Turkey became a vocal defender of Palestinians and a critic of the Israeli regime, “it had to take a back seat to Egypt on the stage of high diplomacy.” “Egypt can talk with both Hamas and Israel,” university professor Ersin Kalaycioglu said, adding, “Turkey, therefore, is pretty much left with a position to support what Egypt foresees, but nothing more.”»The analysts also criticized Turkish Prime Minister Reccep Tayyeb Erdogan for being initially silent on the outbreak of the Israeli attacks on Gaza and being slow to address the offensive publicly. “While most of the region’s leaders rushed to the nearest microphone to condemn Israel, the normally loquacious prime minister was atypically mute,” said Aaron Stein from a research center based in Istanbul. Stein added that while Erdogan was touring a factory that makes tanks, Egypt President Mohamed Morsi had “put his stamp on world reaction by kicking out the Israeli ambassador and dispatching his prime minister to visit Gaza.”»

• Une autre source, le journaliste Tulin Daloglu, dans le quotidien Al Monitor du 20 novembre 2012, restitue, également au travers d’avis d’experts et d’universitaires, la perception de l’attitude et du comportement d’Erdogan vus d’Israël. Il s’agit d’appréciations très extrêmes et très hostiles, qui impliquent son ministre des affaires étrangères Davutoglu perçu comme une sorte de diabolus ex machina d’Erdogan (ce qui est peu aimable pour la force de caractère qu’on attribue de ce fait à Erdogan). L’article rappelle qu’Erdogan s’est signalé, durant la crise, par une rhétorique enflammée, dénonçant le 15 novembre Israël comme “un État terroriste” puis s’attaquant, le 20 novembre, aux USA et au bloc BAO («Leading with the US, all the West talks about a two-state solution. Where is it? They’re working to vacate Palestine in order to surrender it to Israel […] If we’re going to die, we shall do so as men do. This is not justice.»)

«…“Davutoglu may be right to condemn Israel for excessive use of force, but he also needs to call on Hamas to stop firing rockets into Israel. But he does not,” said Gareth Jenkins, a senior fellow at the Institute for Security and Development Policy. “The fact remains that, while Hamas is firing missiles into Israeli territory, Israel is much more likely to respond militarily. And any violence plays into the hands of extremists on both sides.” […]  Analyse compléte.

More on Gaza Crisis :

  1. Russia Objects To NATO Missile Defense In Turkey

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A Message to Europe, a Warning to Kurds

Recent remarks by Turkish Prime Minister Erdoğan that Turkey might consider reintroducing the death penalty are not only indicative of the dire state of Turkish-EU relations. The move has also been perceived as a way of blackmailing almost 700 pro-Kurdish hunger strikers, whose protest has just been brought to an end. Fatma Kayabal reports from Istanbul

While few may have noticed the explosion immediately, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan detonated a political bomb on 3 November, when he underlined that according to opinion polls, the Turkish public would like to see the death penalty reinstated.

In a two-hour speech delivered at the 10th anniversary of the Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) first election victory, he spoke about the AKP’s achievements and its vision for the future, without mentioning Turkey’s EU bid. His comments on the issue of capital punishment convey an underlying message from the Turkish leader, who is aiming for the presidency of his country: Turkish membership of EU no longer tops Ankara’s agenda.

Erdoğan’s remarks have been perceived as a form of blackmail by pro-Kurdish politicians, in view of almost 700 pro-Kurdish hunger strikers in Turkey’s prisons. The inmates had three demands: An end to the isolation of the jailed leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) Abdullah Öcalan (whose 1999 death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment); the acceptance of Kurdish as a valid language in courtrooms; and Kurdish as a language of instruction in Turkish schools.

The hunger strike started on 12 September and was ended on 17 November, after Öcalan himself urged participants to stop – a move that shows he is still very much in control of the organization.

by  Fatma Kayabal

Full story.

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